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Articles by Salundik
Total Records ( 4 ) for Salundik
  Nova Rugayah , Muladno , Henny Nuraini and Salundik
  Animal bone waste in Indonesia is quite high due to the high consumption of chicken, beef and pork. Bone charcoal is charcoal made from animal bones which can be utilized for reducing levels of fluoride (F) in groundwater. This study is aimed to assess the utilization of chicken bones into charcoal to reduce levels of fluoride (defluoridation) groundwater in Indonesia. Materials used in this study are chicken bones as raw materials for bone charcoal. The measured variables were (1) The quality of chicken bone charcoal, (2) Adsorption capacity of the bone charcoal to Fluoride in groundwater. The results showed that chicken bone charcoal consists of O2, Ca, P, C, Na, Mg and Al. Chicken bone charcoal has a quite high of the adsorption capacity as much as 67%. The more chicken bone charcoal is added to the higher percentage of Fluoride tends to increase the adsorption capacity up to 12 h. Therefore, chicken bone waste has a high potency to be processed become chicken bone charcoal for defluoridation of ground water.
  Niken Ulupi , Salundik , Dwi Margisuci , Rini Hidayatun and Bagus Sugiarto
  The aim of this study was to determine the effect of basil flour in feed on the growth performance and production of NH3 and H2S in excreta of broiler chickens. The study was arranged in a completely randomized design. The treatment levels of basil flour in commercial feed consisted of 4 levels: 0, 1, 2 and 3% (P0, P1, P2, P3). A total of 128 day old commercial broiler chicks were reared until 5 weeks of age in 4 groups. Each group was reared in individual pens measuring 2x3 m2. Data of performance were statistically analyzed, while data of NH3 and H2S production were analyzed descriptively. No significant differences (p>0.05) were detected in terms of feed intake, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio and final body weight among various treatment groups. Highest body weight gain of 1481.7 g was achieved in the group fed 2% basil flour in feed (P2). Mortality (3.12%) was observed only in the group fed diets without basil flour (P0). NH3 production in P1, P2, P3 were lower than P0, whereas H2S production was otherwise with highest production of 1.37 ppm in P3. In conclusion, addition of basil flour in the feed of broiler chickens doesn’t improve growth performance and NH3 and H2S production in excreta were well below the safe threshold level recommended for chicken health and environment.
  S.A.A. Tani , B.P. Purwanto , W.A. Ridwan , A.M. Fuah , Salundik and M. Ghulamahdi
  Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the integration of Bali cattle and soybean on a tidal swamp using eco-techno farming. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in two observation steps. The first step was the addition of bio-slurry and cattle waste compost for soybean cultivation using Saturated Soil Culture (SSC) technology on a tidal swamp. A randomized block design was used for four amelioration treatments, No Ameliorant (NA), Lime Ameliorant (LA), cattle waste Compost Ameliorant (CA) and bio-slurry ameliorant (SA) with four repetitions. The observed variables were soybean production, soybean waste production (tons) and farmers’ income (IDR). The second step was to analyze the utilization of soybean biomass as a supplemental feed for Bali cattle. The study was designed with three feeding treatments in a randomized block design with three repetitions. The soybean-feeding treatments were Swamp Grass (SG), Soybean Biomass (SB) and Soybean Biomass Silage (SBS). The observed variables were the Average Daily Gain (ADG), Dry Matter Intake (DMI) and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR). Results: Soybean production and soybean biomass of NA differed significantly from those of LA, CA and SA. There were no significant differences in soybean production and soybean biomass among LA, CA and SA. The ADG and FCR did not differ among the treatments. Bali cattle given SBS showed greater daily DMI and protein intake than did cattle given SB or SG. Conclusion: The integration of the Bali cattle and soybean on tidal swamp land and the utilization of SA and CA increased both soybean production and farmers’ income by decreasing the production costs compared with the LA and NA treatment groups. Soybean biomass can be used as a feed supplement for Bali cattle, thus avoiding the burning of soybean biomass.
  N. Nurmeiliasari , R. Priyanto , D.A. Astuti , Salundik , J. Takahashi , M. Okamoto , T. Okamoto and A. Jayanegara
  Background and Objective: The effects of rumen mechanical stimulating (RMS) brushes on the health of Brahman crossbred steers were determined by measuring blood parameters and examining the rumen wall. Materials and Methods: This study used twenty Brahman crossbred steers divided into control and RMS groups. The steers were given low-forage diets (95.5% concentrate and 4.5% maize stover) based on 3% dry matter by body weight. The installation of RMS was conducted by a professional. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment from the coccygeal vein for blood profile and immunoglobulin G (IgG) measurements. The steers were slaughtered at the 93rd day of the experiment, samples of the rumen wall were collected and rumen histological observations were made. Results: The results showed that the RMS brush administration did not affect the hematocrit, hemoglobin (Hb), number of red blood cells (RBC), number of white blood cells (WBC) or IgG (p>0.05). However, there was a significant increase in neutrophils (p<0.05). The steers with RMS had a higher ratio of neutrophils to lymphocytes (p<0.05). Even though the treatment affected the neutrophil count and the ratio of neutrophils to lymphocytes, these values were in a normal range. The results of the rumen gross anatomy and histology observations showed that there was no tissue damage of the rumen, thus, it is in a normal state. Conclusion: The data indicate that the RMS brush utilization in steers does not result in adverse effects on the health of steers as measured by blood profiles, IgG concentrations and rumen histology.
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