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Articles by Saleh Faraj Magram
Total Records ( 4 ) for Saleh Faraj Magram
  Saleh Faraj Magram and Mahmoud Mohamed Abdel Azeem
  This study reports the efficiency of the anaerobic process for digestion of low-strength domestic sewage sludge under different thermophilic conditions. The efficiency was assessed in terms of methanogenic activity along the experimental period as well as the maximum reduction of organics pollutants in the investigated sludge samples. The experimental work was conducted in a batch system under different temperatures (40, 45, 50 °C) to ascertain the optimum condition for the degradation process. The results show a removal efficiency of 81% of COD, 96% of BOD and 74% of TS within about 52 days of inoculation under 40 °C. Only a slight increase in removal performance was observed with the increase of operating temperature. The period required for complete digestion was also observed to be temperature independent. The M-Factor (COD removed into methane/COD removed) ranged around 0.25 irrespective of the operational temperature. Irrespective of the operating temperature, the maximum methanogenic activity was delayed until 52 days. In accordance with the observed results, it is suggested that the anaerobic digestion process should be designed according to the maximum methanogenic activity (gCOD-CH4/gVSS/day) and the corresponding required digestion time (days), which, in turn, depend on the composition and characteristics of sludge.
  Saleh Faraj Magram
  The main aim of this study was to investigate the effect of various carbon sources on the performance of anoxic upflow packed-bed reactor to remove nitrate from drinking water. The study further investigated the degree of removal of nitrate at different depths of reactors for determining the optimum depth. Nitrate contaminated groundwater is becoming a serious problem in many parts of the world. In view of the cost and toxic sludge production by the physico-chemical processes, biological treatment processes are preferable; however, the available studies have reported a wide range of denitrification performance depending on the carbon source and reactor type. In this study, the denitrification was the best in case of ethanol (average residual NO3 ¯ concentration of 15 mg L-1 with an influent concentration of around 200 mg L-1), while formic acid showed the worst performance. Denitrification performance in case of each carbon source varied depending on the depth of the reactor. Nevertheless, the fact that nitrate removal was achieved without encountering accumulation of nitrite makes the developed process very attractive.
  Saleh Faraj Magram and Mahmoud Mohamed Abdel Azeem
  This study reports the performance of a pilot scale, moving sand-bed filtration unit for surface water treatment. The unit with a capacity of about 7 m3 h-1 was erected at the premises of Fostat water treatment plant in Cairo for the treatment of the water for potable use from the river Nile. During an observation period of 5 months, the dynamic sand filtration unit exhibited a stable performance in terms of removal of turbidity and algae and maintenance of appropriate levels of chemical agents added for aiding the treatment process (alum, chlorine). Under the same loading, the performance of the newly introduced unit was better than or comparable to that of the existing treatment unit (pulsator followed by filtration) at that site. As compared to a high turbidity of 3-14 NTU of the raw Nile water, the turbidity of the treated water was in the range of 0.2-1 NTU. The performance of the dynamic sand filtration unit, unlike that of the existing treatment unit, was not influenced by the high algae content (4000-9000 algae count) of the raw water. The algae count in the treated water was around 100. The unit also maintained, in the treated water, appropriate levels of chemical agents (alum, chlorine) which were added for treatment. The residual alum and chlorine concentrations in the treated water ranged around 0.2 and 1-2.5 ppm, respectively. The effluent from the unit convincingly conformed to the local standards.
  Khondoker Mahbub Hassan , Farooque Ahmed , Faisal Ibney Hai and Saleh Faraj Magram
  The present study focuses on the strategies to modify the design of a community based Arsenic-Iron Removal Unit (AIRU) based on the field performance of the AIRU and the feedback from the users. The ultimate aim was to offer a user-friendly and sustainable system. Appropriate modifications in the design of the developed unit reduced the propensities of water head-loss and media clogging, thereby yielding sustained flow rate. Introduction of a simple cleaning procedure (98% flow-recovery with three successive backwashing sequences) successfully reduced the frequency of requirement of labor-intensive replacement of the whole filter media. Raw water with arsenic concentration up to 200 µg L-1 along with high iron content was treated by the AIRU under the field conditions satisfying the Bangladesh standard (50 µg L-1) without using any chemicals. Efficient sludge management was ensured through proper drainage and safe disposal facilities. Simple construction using locally available materials, considerable treatment performance as well as ease of operation and maintenance present the developed system as a promising one.
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