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Articles by S.N. Fatihah
Total Records ( 4 ) for S.N. Fatihah
  S.N. Fatihah , J. Safiah , A.B. Abol-Munafi and M. Ikhwanuddin
  The study was aimed to determine the biochemical changes of total protein, glucose, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and total lipid in the cryopreserved sperm of mud spiny lobster, Panulirus polyphagus. The mean sperm viability, total protein, glucose, LDH and lipid for control and cryopreserved sperm that stored in liquid nitrogen from control, 6, 12, 24 h, 7, 30 and 60 days were 94.91±2.17% (control), 80.58±1.33, 77.08±2.53, 76.49±3.10, 63.32±7.08, 62.93±3.72 and 60.91±10.78% (sperm viability), 21.44±3.52, 18.82±0.23, 17.79±0.80, 16.98±0.48, 16.65±0.07, 15.03±2.53 and 12.16±2.02 mg mL-1 (total protein), 0.28±0.012, 0.26±0.004, 0.20±0.035, 0.15±0.062, 0.11±0.036, 0.07±0.036 and 0.04±0.013 mg mL-1 (glucose), 72.65±7.88, 64.38±6.40, 64.24±4.80, 62.84±7.20, 62.11±3.84, 49.94±2.78, 38.31±3.29 IU L-1 (LDH) and 8.77±0.05, 4.87±0.25, 4.69±0.29, 4.37±0.02, 4.16±0.17, 2.87±0.29 and 2.83±0.26 mg mL-1 (total lipid). There were significant differences in sperm viability, total protein, glucose, LDH and total lipid between cryopreserved periods (p<0.05). As a conclusion, the sperm viability and biochemical changes of total protein, glucose, LDH and total lipid were determined in the cryopreserved sperm for control, 6, 12, 24 h, 7, 30 and 60 days. The storage duration in P. polyphagus cryopreserved sperm was also determined until 60 days and suitable for further breeding program.
  M. Ikhwanuddin , S.N. Fatihah , A.H. Nurfaseha , R. Ruhinisa , Z.Z. Tira , A. Shamsudin , A. Siti Aishah and A.B. Abol- Munafi
  A study was carried out to determine the effect of salinity on ovarian maturation stages (external morphology and histology characteristics of the ovary) and embryonic development (time of embryonic development and size of egg) of mud spiny lobster, Panulirus polyphagus. For the ovarian maturation stages, there were three treatments; treatment 1 for 20 ppt (E1T1), treatment 2 for 40 ppt (E1T2) and control treatment for 30 ppt (E1C2) and conducted within 100 days. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between control in 30 ppt at day 1 (E1C1), E1C2, E1T1and E1T2 noted in the Oocyte Size Index (OSI). Mean oocyte diameter and Gonadosomatic Index (GSI) had significantly differences (p<0.05) between E1C1, E1C2, E1T1 and E1T2. For the embryonic development, the berried female was placed in tank with 20 ppt for treatment 1 (E2T1), 30 ppt for control treatment (E2C1) and 40 ppt for treatment 2 (E2T2) and 20-30 eggs were taken for each salinity to observe the embryonic development. Stage 1, 2 and 3 for 20 ppt and stage 1 for 40 ppt cannot be observed the development of embryo. At low salinity of 20 ppt (E2T1), the shortest duration from stage 4 until hatched was about 4 days while at high salinity of 40 ppt (E2T2), the longest duration from stage 4 until hatched was about 8 days. Thus, the low salinity was the shortest time to hatch. The effect on the sizes changes was stronger in the salinities of 30 and 20 ppt than 40 ppt. Therefore, the high salinity was the lowest egg size compared to low and control treatments. In conclusion, the different salinity affected the ovarian maturation stages and embryonic development of P. polyphagus.
  S.N. Fatihah , J. Safiah , A.B. Abol-Munafi and M. Ikhwanuddin
  The present study aimed to determine the effect of testosterone undecanoate hormone on sperm quality (sperm viability) and sperm quantity (sperm counts) and its levels in the hemolymph of male mud spiny lobster, Panulirus polyphagus. Male P. polyphagus was injected laterally in fifth abdominal segment of pure hormone, Testosterone Undecanoate (TU) and ethanol at days 1, 8, 15, 22 and 29. Hemolymph of P. polyphagus was taken every two weeks and checked with Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to measure hormone levels. The mean sperm quality and quantity were increased due to increase the TU dose and TU levels also increase. The sperm quality, quantity and hormone levels were relevance each others. These findings indicate that TU injection should be evaluated as a practical way of improving sperm quality and quantity in commercial operations.
  S.N. Fatihah , J. Safiah , A.B. Abol-Munafi and M. Ikhwanuddin
  The present study aimed to determine the effect of 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17α-OHP) and 17α-hydroxypregnenolone (17α-OHPL) on sperm quality and sperm quantity in male mud spiny lobster (Panulirus polyphagus). The mean of sperm quality was increased in 17α-OHP and 17α-OHPL treated hormones. In 17α-OHP injected animals, the mean of sperm quantity of dose 0.01 μg g-1 b.wt. was increased than 17α-OHPL. Meanwhile, 17α-OHP and 17α-OHPL concentrations were lower when injected with the hormones but 17α-OHP was higher at only day 15 (dose 0.01 and 0.1 μg g-1 b.wt.). For 17α-OHPL, the hormone was a prohormone in the body of P. polyphagus and only required smaller to increase the sperm quantity. Besides, when the higher dose of 17α-OHPL (0.1 μg g-1 b.wt.) was used in P. polyphagus, the development of P. polyphagus was inhibited and decreased the sperm quantity and 17α-OHPL concentration in hemolymph was lower. Injection of 17α-OHP in P. polyphagus has increased the sperm quality and quantity for both 17α-OHP dosage of 0.01 and 0.1 μg g-1 b.wt. However, injection of 17α-OHPL in P. polyphagus has decreased the sperm quantity only, also for both dosage of 0.01 and 0.1 μg g-1 b.wt. and lower on hormone concentration.
 
 
 
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