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Articles by S.M.R. Hossaini
Total Records ( 2 ) for S.M.R. Hossaini
  O. Ashayerizadeh , B. Dastar , M. Shams Shargh , A. Ashayerizadeh , E. Rahmatnejad and S.M.R. Hossaini
  This experiment was conducted for comparison, the effect of garlic powder, black cumin seeds powder and wild mint powder on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. Based a randomized completely design, 320 days old Ross 308 broilers were distributed into 16 floor pens and reared for 42 days. A basal diet was formulated according to NRC recommendations for starter (0-21 days) and grower (22-42 days) periods. The basal diet was also supplemented with garlic powder, black cumin seeds powder and wild mint powder, resulting 4 dietary treatments were prepared including control group. Each dietary treatment was fed ad-libitum to 4 replicates group of 20 birds at the bigining of rearing period. There were no significant differences in feed consumption at all of treatments in rearing period (p>0.05). The birds fed the diet containing black cumin seeds powder had the highest body weight gain as compared with other treatments (p<0.05). The best Feed Conversion Ratios (FCR) was recorded with birds fed diets contained black cumin seeds powder compared with control and other groups through all growing periods (p>0.05). The lowest (p<0.05) abdominal fat percent were recorded for broilers fed the diets supplemented with garlic powder and black cumin seeds powder (p<0.05). Also, the highest carcass percent were recorded for birds fed diets supplemented with black cumin seeds powder and garlic powder (p<0.05). The percent of breast in birds received black cumin seeds powder significantly was higher than wild mint and control groups (p<0.05). The percent of thigh was not affected with feed treatments (p>0.05).
  S.M.R. Hossaini , M. Bojarpour , M. Mamouei , A. Asadian and J. Fayazi
  The effects of probiotic and antibiotic administration were studied in an experiment, using 24 newborn calves. Calves were randomly assigned to three experimental groups (eight calves for each group). Probiotic (2 g day-1) and antibiotic (2 g day-1) was added in their daily milk intake until age of weaning. After the 3 days, all calves (including control group) received starter ration containing 21.540% crude protein and 2.75 Mcal kg-1 energy. Feed intake, Body weight gain, Fecal scores and general health condition of all calves were observed at per week. Also condition of feces was examined daily and the occurrence of diarrhea was recorded throughout the experiment. Mean values of weight gain during tow months for treatments probiotic, antibiotic and control groups were 36.75, 35.41 and 31.83 kg, respectively. DMI illustrated that calves fed antibiotic (T2) thorough had greater DMI than control calves (p<0.05). Body weight gained was not significantly different for first and second months between treatments probiotic, antibiotic and control groups (11.750 and 25, 12.91 and 22.5 versus 11 and 20.75 for fist and second months in treatments and control groups, respectively). When the entire study period, calves fed probiotic (T1) and antibiotic (T2) had greater BWG (p<0.05) than control calves, also calves fed probiotic (T1) and antibiotic (T2) had greater ADG (p<0.05) than control calves. The results of this study indicated that present probiotic compound have beneficial effects, especially on the 2 months of age in rearing calves.
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