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Articles by S.M. Fakhrul Islam
Total Records ( 2 ) for S.M. Fakhrul Islam
  M. Kamruzzaman , S.M. Fakhrul Islam , M.A.A. Begum , S.M.A. Shiblee , M. G. Kibria and S.K. Ray
  This paper examines the extent of adoption of modern technology in Bangladesh and knowledge gap of the farmers about the technology. It was found that 100% of wheat acreage in the country were planted to modern varieties. Wheat area, production and yield in the country increased by 10, 14 and 3.5% per annum during 1971-92. The farmers found to have moderate knowledge gap in most of the practices of modern wheat technology. However, high knowledge gap was observed for recommended fertilizer dose. There were significant difference between the practices recommended and the existing knowledge of the farmers for different production practices. The demonstration farmers of farming system research sites and multi-location testing sites had less knowledge gap than the other farmers. Wheat planting before November is not recommended, late planting is one of the main causes of lower yield of wheat in Bangladesh. Wheat planting after November reduces the yield at the rate of 1.3% per day of delay. The overall data showed a significant difference between the practices recommended and existing technological knowledge of the farmers.
  M.A.A. Begum , S.M. Fakhrul Islam , M. Kamruzzaman , M. Jahangir Kabir and S.M.A. Shiblee
  The present study was designed to determine the wheat supply response to selected factors and to analyze the short run and long run supply responses of wheat in Bangladesh. Time series data from 1972-73 to 1998-99 have been used in the analysis. Econometric and statistical techniques were used to estimate the supply response of wheat at the national level. The price responses of wheat supply under the partial adjustment (PA) model were 0.67 in the short run and in the long run this was 1.06 and was statistically significant. Similarly, the response of wheat supply to lagged irrigation was relatively higher, which was 1.11 in the short run and in the long run it was 1.76. Besides, this was highly significant at 1 per cent level. The adjustment coefficient was 0.63 in the wheat sector during the period. The results indicate that the implementation of a farm price support policy could be used to manipulate wheat supply in Bangladesh. If public expenditures were geared properly to build irrigation infrastructure, it would give positive impacts on wheat supply in the country. If the government would follow a price stabilization policy, it would reduce price risk and would produce a positive impact on wheat supply situation in Bangladesh.
 
 
 
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