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Articles by S.A. Okoth
Total Records ( 2 ) for S.A. Okoth
  P.M. Wachira , J.W. Kimenju , S.A. Okoth and R.K. Mibey
  A screenhouse experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of cow manure, chicken manure and their combinations on nematode destroying fungi, nematode community and growth of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). The amendments were applied at the rate of 5% w/w in all the treatments. Isolation of nematode destroying fungi was done using the soil sprinkle technique. Nematodes were extracted from soil using the modified Baermann technique. Tomato growth was estimated through plant height and dry weight. Application of the organic amendments resulted in significant differences (p≤0.05) in occurrence of nematode destroying fungi amongst the treatments. The nematode destroying fungi occurred at frequencies of 50, 29.4, 17.6 and 2.9% in soil amended with chicken manure, cow/chicken combination, cow manures and the control, respectively. Eight species of nematode destroying fungi were identified in this study. The fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora (Fresenius) was most dominant fungus in all the treatments including control pots with an isolation frequency of 38.2%. Addition of organic amendments into the soil also resulted in an increase of bacterial and fungal feeding nematodes and reduction of plant parasitic nematodes. Specifically there was a 225, 96 and 62% increase in bacterial feeding nematodes and 391, 96 and 74% increase in fungal feeding nematodes in soil amended with chicken manure alone, combination of chicken and cow manure alone in that order. Numbers of plant-parasitic nematodes were 92% lower in soil treated with chicken manure compared to the control. Plant height and leaf widths were highest in plants treated with combination of cow and chicken manures. The plants mean dry weight were 6.6, 5.6, 2.0 and 1.5 in combination of chicken and cow manure, chicken manure alone, cow manure alone and control, respectively. This study has therefore, revealed that organic amendments stimulate the occurrence of nematode destroying fungi in the soil and also reduce plant parasitic nematodes. In addition, the combination of cow and chicken manure stimulates plant growth.
  R.W. Mukhongo , M.A. Kavoo-Mwangi , M.E. Kahangi , E.M. Ateka , A.B. Were , J.R. Okalebo , M.E. Mutegi , K.E. Mwangi , T.T. Tepeni , K.S. Njuguini , J.M. Onguso , S.A. Okoth and J.M. Jefwa
  The impact of microbiological commercial products (PHC Biopak, Rhizatech and ECO-T) on the occurrence of mycorrhizae and Fusarium in the rhizosphere of tissue culture banana (Gros Mitchel cv.) was assessed. Tissue cultured banana plantlets were inoculated with PHC Biopak (Bacillus), Rhizatech (mycorrhiza) and ECO-T (T. harzianum) under greenhouse conditions using a completely randomized design in a Vertisol, Rhodic Ferralsol and Humic Nitisol sampled from the major banana growing regions in Kenya. Potted plants were later established under field conditions in the three agro ecological zones. Roots and soils sampled at end of potting and at flowering were assessed for AM fungi colonization and Fusarium populations. The effect of product inoculation on AM fungi colonization varied and only significant (p<0.05) in Rhodic Ferralsol with Rhizatech increasing intensity of colonization by 31.9% and PHC Biopak increasing the frequency of colonization by 38.6% compared to the non-inoculated control (12.9%). F. oxysporum, fsp. cubense, F. proliferatum and F. incarnatum were recovered from the experimental soils. Foc was the most abundant in the three soils (prior to inoculation) accounting for 60.6% of all Fusarium colony forming units. After inoculation, at the end of potting stage and at flowering, F. proliferatum was mostly isolated from the three zones accounting for 35.2% of the total fungal population. Foc was isolated from Humic Nitisol and Vertisol accounting for 11.5% of the total fungal population. PHC Biopak, ECO-T and Rhizatech suppressed Foc colony forming units per gram of soil by 47, 68 and 55%, respectively in the Humic Nitisol. ECO-T reduced Fusarium colony forming units per gram of soil by 6% in Rhodic Ferralsol and PHC Biopak by 50% in Vertisol compared to the non-inoculated soils. There is potential in use of commercial microbiological products to suppress Foc and the efficacy of the products depends on soil physico-chemical properties.
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