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Articles by S.A. Bhat
Total Records ( 2 ) for S.A. Bhat
  S.A. Bhat , P.D. Juyal and L.D. Singla
  In neonatal buffaloes calves Cryptosporidium spp. infection was investigated to determine its importance as etiological agent of diarrhoea syndrome. A total of 162 faecal samples were collected from neonatal buffalo calves of below 5 months age and examined for the Cryptosporidium spp. infection. Overall prevalence of the disease was observed as 38.3%. A gradual decline in the prevalence values was seen with increase in the age, highest in 0-30 days age group i.e., 65.71% and lowest in 4-5 months age group i.e., 5.88%. This trend of decline in prevalence values was observed in both diarrhoeic as well as non-diarrhoeic calves. A high degree of association was seen between Cryptosporidium infection and diarrhoea with infected cases at relatively higher risk to diarrhoea than non-infected. The highest prevalence (40.65%) of infection of was recorded during the monsoon season followed by pre monsoon season (39.35%) and lowest prevalence (34.04%) was recorded in the post monsoon season. Female calves showed higher prevalence (40.35%) than the male calves (33.3%).
  S.A. Bhat , J.K. Khajuria , R. Katoch , M.Y. Wani and K. Dhama
  Backyard poultry rearing is an important venture and integral part of mixed farming in most of the developing countries of world. Very scarce reports regarding the effects of parasites on free ranging birds are available from India. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of helminth parasites in the backyard poultry farming in the northern, humid and subtropical region of India. A total of 120 gut specimens and 600 faecal samples of backyard poultry were collected from different villages and analysed for parasitic worm loads and different egg/ova types. Furthermore, a random field trial on 40 birds reared in backyard poultry system was carried out to determine the effect of fenbendazole treatment on the parasitic load and production performance. On gut examination, the most common nematodes found were, Ascaridia galli (20%), Heterakis gallinarum (10.83%), Capillaria spp. (5%) and Cheilospirura hamulosa (1.67%) while the cestodes were Raillietina tetragona (9.16%), R. echinbothrida (5%), Hymenolepis spp. (5%), Cotugnia digonopora (3.33%) and R. cesticillus (2.5%). The faecal examination showed higher incidence of A. galli (19.16%), H. gallinarum (9.5%), Capillaria spp. (3.5%), Trichostrongylus tenuis (2.5%), Raillietina spp. (16.16%), Eimeria spp. (5.33%) and mixed infections (6.67%). Treatment with fenbendazole was found to reduce mortality (15%) as compared to untreated (30%) groups. Moreover, fenbendazole treated birds gained significantly steadily weights (r = -0.35) as compared to untreated group (r = -0.019). The study is first in its nature in providing the valuable information regarding prevalence of endoparasites based on faecal examination in backyard poultry from the Jammu region. This information will essentially be helpful for the researchers and local veterinarians to develop strategies for both treatment and control of these endoparasites affecting poultry.
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