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Articles by S.A. Adeyeye
Total Records ( 3 ) for S.A. Adeyeye
  W.B. Akanbi , C.O. Adeboye , A.O. Togun , J.O. Ogunrinde , S.A. Adeyeye , J.A. Akinfasoye and O.A. Olaniran
  The use of both mineral fertilizer and organic manure has been found to be a sustainable technology for crop production and integration of mineral fertilizer with crop residue compost could further increase crop yield. This assertion was tested in Nigeria by nourishing Telfairia occidentalis with Cassava Peel Compost (CPC) with or without mineral fertilizer. The treatments tested were: 0, 45 and 60 kg N from NPK; 45 and 60 kg N from CPC; 45 kg N from NPK + 15 kg N CPC; 30 kg N from NPK + 30 kg N from CPC and 15 kg N from NPK + 45 kg N from CPC. The treatments were laid out in randomized complete block design replicated thrice. Results obtained were statistical analyzed and significant means separated with Duncan Multiple Range Test (p 0.05). Application of 45 kg N from NPK + 15 kg N from CPC brought about significant improvement in growth, shoot and fruit yield as well as shoot and seed quality of Telfairia occidentalis. This treatment produced herbage yield, shoot protein and N, P and K mineral elements that are similar to what was obtained with application of 60 kg N from NPK alone or joint application of 15 kg N from NPK + 45 kg N from CPC. These results support the concept of synergy between composts and mineral fertilizer and provide further stimulus to employ blends instead of sole application of compost or mineral fertilizer for crop production.
  S.A. Adeyeye , G.E. Onibi , J.O. Agbede and V.A. Aletor
  This study examined the meat quality of broilers fed Discarded Cashew Nut Meal (DCNM) in place of Soya Bean Meal (SBM). It evaluates the meat quality of broiler chickens fed diets in which (SBM) was replaced with DCNM using sensory characteristics (appearance and taste) and oxidative stability of refrigerated meat as response criteria. The moisture contents obtained averaging 73.1±1.8, 73.1±1.5 and 72.3±1.6 g 1 100 g for thigh, drumstick and breast, respectively. The lipid contents also were within the range of 4 and 12%. These results supported the findings of Ikeme that fat deposition in poultry increased from breast to organs, higher in back and highest in the thigh. However, the lipid contents of meat from broilers fed diets which contained DCNM at more than 10% (Diets 3-6) were generally significantly higher than those from meat of broilers on the control diet. This shows that the higher the level of DCNM in a diet, the more the fat content of meat from birds fed such diet. It was discovered that the overall acceptability of the broiler meat was not adversely affected by the dietary treatments irrespective of the level of DCNM inclusion. The study concludes that Anti-oxidants may be added to diets in which DCNM is included to extending shelf life of the meat through reduction in its susceptibility to lipid oxidation.
  O. Aletor , J.O. Agbede , S.A. Adeyeye and V.A. Aletor
  Processed whole as well as rejected cashew nuts were obtained from a processing plant located at Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. Each of them were divided into two, a part defatted while the other part were undefatted. They were thereafter characterized with respect to their proximate constituents, energy, mineral contents, anti-nutritional factors and functional properties. The physio-chemical properties of the oil from the cashew nuts were also determined. On the average, crude protein (CP) of the whole nut ranged from 200.0 ± 0.3 g kg-1 DM in undefatted to 304.0 ± 0.1 g kg-1 DM in the defatted sample while it ranged from 176.0 ± 0.6 g kg-1 DM to 323.0 ± 0.5 g kg-1 DM with 30% and 45.5% increments, respectively. The crude fat of the undefatted samples ranged: 436.0 - 452.0 g kg-1 DM while the gross energy content averaged 106 MJ kg-1 (range: 39 - 206 MJ kg-1). Apart from Cu and Co, which was not detected, cashew nut meal (CNM) contained appreciable nutritionally needed mineral elements, which were higher in most cases in defatted than in the defatted samples. The phytic acid content averaged 24.6 mg g-1 and tannin as total phenols averaged 12.1g kg-1. The water absorption capacity (WAC) was enhanced by 35% and 50%, respectively in the whole and rejected samples by defatting while oil absorption capacity (OAC) were enhanced by 18% and 42%, respectively by defatting. There were wide variations among the foaming capacity (FC) and foaming stability (FS) as evident in the high values of coefficient of variation (CV) of 127.7% and 115.5% respectively. The protein solubility curves generally had multiple maxima and minima peaks. The oil from the CNM had iodine value of 115.0 wijs in rejects and 136.9 wijs in whole nut and the peroxide value varied widely with a CV of 41.85% when compared with other properties of the oil analyzed. The analytical data indicate that the good and rejected cashew nut could be important alternative protein and energy contributors to compound non ruminant animal feed in this region.
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