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Articles by S. Yu
Total Records ( 4 ) for S. Yu
  B. S Peterson , M. N Potenza , Z Wang , H Zhu , A Martin , R Marsh , K. J Plessen and S. Yu
 

OBJECTIVE: The authors examined the effect of psychostimulants on brain activity in children and adolescents with ADHD performing the Stroop Color and Word Test. METHOD: The authors acquired 52 functional MRI scans in 16 youths with ADHD who were known responders to stimulant medication and 20 healthy comparison youths. Participants with ADHD were scanned on and off medication in a counterbalanced design, and comparison subjects were scanned once without medication. RESULTS: Stimulant medication significantly improved suppression of default-mode activity in the ventral anterior cingulate cortex in the ADHD group. When off medication, youths with ADHD were unable to suppress default-mode activity to the same degree as comparison subjects, whereas when on medication, they suppressed this activity to comparison group levels. Greater activation of the lateral prefrontal cortex when off medication predicted a greater reduction in ADHD symptoms when on medication. Granger causality analyses demonstrated that activity in the lateral prefrontal and ventral anterior cingulate cortices mutually influenced one another but that the influence of the ventral anterior cingulate cortex on the lateral prefrontal cortex was significantly reduced in youths with ADHD off medication relative to comparison subjects and increased significantly to normal levels when ADHD youths were on medication. CONCLUSIONS: Psychostimulants in youths with ADHD improved suppression of default-mode activity in the ventral anterior cingulate and posterior cingulate cortices, components of a circuit in which activity has been shown to correlate with the degree of mind-wandering during attentional tasks. Stimulants seem to improve symptoms in youths with ADHD by normalizing activity within this circuit and improving its functional interactions with the lateral prefrontal cortex.

  B Jin , X Zhao , Z Long , F Qi and S. Yu
 

The adoption of radio frequency identification (RFID) tags and devices facilitates the observation and monitoring of event patterns, while highly temporal restrained RFID data further make events complicated. Although the existing Pub/Sub systems can help distributed applications monitor and disseminate interesting events, they are unable to express RFID-related events directly. Extending a system for new RFID requirements not only needs a lot of work, but also provides no performance guarantees. It is, therefore, necessary to design and implement an effective and efficient Pub/Sub system in order to capture and disseminate RFID-related events. This paper presents a composite subscription specification for RFID-related application scenarios. It enables the subscription of predicates for RFID code as well as various complex events. Moreover, this paper proposes the algorithms for RFID-code subscription matching and complex events detection which have been implemented in our Pub/Sub system, OncePubSub. Also, experiments were conducted to quantify the performance and overhead of the above algorithms. Performance evaluation results indicate that OncePubSub is more efficient than SIENA- and JESS-based systems.

  S. Yu , D. Yan , Y. Dong , H. Tian , Y. Wang and X. Yu
  Presently, stereo matching algorithms are almost in purpose of pursuing high matching precision, the whole time spent in algorithms are too long. In this study, we proposed a stereo matching algorithm based on aligning genomic sequence, according to the comparability on the theory of aligning genomic sequences and stereo matching algorithm. Firstly, pixels in each epipolar on stereo image were transformed into the form of genomic sequences and then used calculation method of getting score matrix by comparison of genomic sequence to establish two-dimensional disparity space images. At last, we finally get disparity using searching optimization strategy in aligning genomic sequences to do global optimization. The experimental results show that the whole time of this method is greatly reduced and matching quality is still good.
  G. Lan , L. Peng , X. Xie , F. Peng , Y. Wang and S. Yu
  Bone loss is a common complication among renal transplant patients. Some studies have shown that alendronate may be effective to treat bone loss in these patients. In this study, we have reported our experience with administration of alendronate to treat bone loss in renal transplanted patients.

Methods: The 46 kidney transplant recipients with bone loss were randomly divided into 2 groups: group I was treated with calcium and calcitriol, and group II with calcium, calcitriol, and alendronate. We examined bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical indicators of both groups. All patients received cyclosporine and prednisone treatment.

Results: There was no significant difference in age, body mass index, gender, immunosuppression, time since transplantation, 25(OH)D3, or intact parathyroid hormone levels at study commencement. The BMD of the femoral neck was significantly increased (P < .05), and the serum type I collagen-cross-linked N telopeptide (NTx) dramatically (P < .05) decreased in posttransplantation group II recipients treated with calcium, calcitriol, and alendronate. There were also significant differences in BMD and serum NTx between recipients treated with versus without alendronate (P < .05).

Conclusion: At least in the short term, alendronate is a effective inhibitor for the treatment of bone loss in renal transplantation patients.
 
 
 
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