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Articles by S. XIE
Total Records ( 2 ) for S. XIE
  H. ZHAO , R. JIANG , M. XUE , S. XIE , X. WU and L. GUO
  An 8-week growth trial was conducted to determine the effects of complete replacement of fishmeal protein by soy protein concentrate (SPC) on growth performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus GIFT strain) fry (initial body weight 1.6 ± 0.0 g). In control diet, 135 g kg-1 fishmeal was used, and in the other two diets, 100% of fishmeal was replaced by SPC supplemented with or without methionine hydroxy analogue (MHA) according to the content in FM diet. Fish of FM group were fed twice daily. Fish of SPC6 group were fed SPC diet six times daily. Fish of SPCM group were fed twice (SPCM2) or six times (SPCM6) daily. The results showed that complete replacement of fishmeal with SPC did not affect survival, condition factor, visceralsomatic index of Nile tilapia. Feed intake (FI) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of fish in SPCM2 and SPC6 groups were higher than those in FM and SPCM6 groups. Specific growth rate (SGR) of fish in SPCM6 group was highest among four treatments. Productive protein value (PPV) of SPCM2 and SPC6 groups were significantly lower than that of FM group. Fishmeal could be completely replaced by SPC without negative effect on growth by MHA supplementation and increasing feeding frequency.
  E. A. Grabsch , K. Chua , S. Xie , J. Byrne , S. A. Ballard , P. B. Ward and M. L. Grayson
  We have isolated a number of vanB-containing Enterococcus faecium isolates on bile esculin screening agar containing 6 mg/liter vancomycin, which on subsequent susceptibility testing using Etest have repeatedly demonstrated vancomycin MICs of ≤4 mg/liter. To investigate this genotype-phenotype incongruence of "low-MIC vancomycin-resistant enterococci" (LM-VRE), we examined the molecular characteristics of these isolates, including the presence of the vanB operon, using PCR amplification and DNA sequencing. All LM-VRE isolates contained vanB associated with the transposon Tn1549 and were polyclonal. Sequencing of the vanB ligase gene showed no differences from the prototype vanB2. In addition, we examined supplemented media to improve phenotypic detection of these isolates. Etest detection of LM-VRE improved when Mueller-Hinton agar (MHA) and brain heart infusion agar (BHIA) were supplemented with 10 g/liter oxgall (MHA-Oxg and BHIA-Oxg, respectively). We assessed the sensitivity and specificity of these media to detect vancomycin resistance using vancomycin-resistant vanB-containing E. faecium (n = 11), vancomycin-susceptible (van negative) E. faecium (n = 11), vancomycin-susceptible (van negative) E. faecalis (n = 11), and our LM-VRE (n = 23) isolates. After 48 h of incubation, both MHA-Oxg and BHIA-Oxg were 100% (34/34) sensitive and 100% (22/22) specific in the identification of vancomycin resistance. These findings suggest that supplementation of MHA or BHIA with 10 g/liter oxgall should be considered in laboratories where VRE detection protocols rely primarily on strain phenotype rather than early vanB gene detection by PCR.
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