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Articles by S. Timmers
Total Records ( 1 ) for S. Timmers
  F. K. Knop , E. Konings , S. Timmers , P. Schrauwen , J. J. Holst and E. E. Blaak
 

Aims

Resveratrol, a natural polyphenolic compound produced by various plants (e.g. red grapes) and found in red wine, has glucose-lowering effects in humans and rodent models of obesity and/or diabetes. The mechanisms behind these effects have been suggested to include resveratrol-induced secretion of the gut incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1. We investigated postprandial incretin hormone and glucagon responses in obese human subjects before and after 30 days of resveratrol supplementation.

Methods

Postprandial plasma responses of the incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and glucagon were evaluated in 10 obese men [subjects characteristics (mean ± standard error of the mean): age 52 ± 2 years; BMI 32 ± 1 kg/m2, fasting plasma glucose 5.5 ± 0.1 mmol/l] who had been given a dietary supplement of resveratrol (Resvida® 150 mg/day) or placebo for 30 days in a randomized, double-blind, crossover design with a 4-week washout period. At the end of each intervention period a standardized meal test (without co-administration of resveratrol) was performed.

Results

Resveratrol supplementation had no impact on fasting plasma concentrations or postprandial plasma responses (area under curve values) of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (11.2 ± 2.1 vs. 11.8 ± 2.2 pmol/l, = 0.87; 17.0 ± 2.2 vs. 14.8 ± 1.6 min x nmol/l, = 0.20) or glucagon-like peptide-1 (15.4 ± 1.0 vs. 15.2 ± 0.9 pmol/l, P = 0.84; 5.6 ± 0.4 vs. 5.7 ± 0.3 min x nmol/l, P = 0.73). Resveratrol supplementation significantly suppressed postprandial glucagon responses (4.4 ± 0.4 vs. 3.9 ± 0.4 min x nmol/l, = 0.01) without affecting fasting glucagon levels (15.2 ± 2.2 vs. 14.5 ± 1.5 pmol/l, P = 0.56).

Conclusions

Our data suggest that 30 days of resveratrol supplementation does not affect fasting or postprandial incretin hormone plasma levels in obese humans, but suppresses postprandial glucagon responses.

 
 
 
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