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Articles by S. Shibahara
Total Records ( 2 ) for S. Shibahara
  F Han , K Takeda , M Ono , F Date , K Ishikawa , S Yokoyama , Y Shinozawa , K Furuyama and S. Shibahara
 

Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes oxidative breakdown of heme, and constitutes two isozymes, HO-1 and HO-2. Here, we explored the tissue-specific regulation of expression of HO-1 and HO-2 under hypoxemia. There was no significant change in the overall expression levels of HO-1 and HO-2 mRNAs and proteins in the lung during adaptation of C57BL/6 mice to normobaric hypoxia (10% O2). However, immunohistochemical analysis revealed the increased expression of HO-1 and HO-2 proteins after 28 days of normobaric hypoxia in the pulmonary venous myocardium that is the extension of the left atrial myocardium into pulmonary venous walls. Moreover, the expression of HO-2 protein was increased in the sub-endocardial myocardium of ventricles under hypoxia, while HO-1 protein level was increased in the full-thickness walls. Thus, hypoxemia induces expression of both HO-1 and HO-2 proteins in the myocardium. Using C57BL/6 mice lacking HO-2 (HO-2–/–), which manifest chronic hypoxemia, we also showed that the HO-1 protein level in the lung was similar between HO-2–/– mice and wild-type mice. Unexpectedly, HO-1 protein level was lower by 35% in the HO-2–/– mouse liver than the wild-type liver. These results indicate that the expression of HO-1 protein is regulated in a tissue-specific manner under hypoxemia.

  K Takeda , N. H Takahashi , M Yoshizawa and S. Shibahara
 

Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) catalyses the formation of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) and also functions as a transporter for lipophilic ligands, including all-trans retinoic acid (RA). Here, we show that human epidermal melanocytes produce and secrete L-PGDS and PGD2 in culture medium, whereas L-PGDS is not expressed in human melanoma cell lines, HMV-II, SK-MEL-28, 624 mel and G361. Treatment with RA (1 or 10 µM) for 4 days decreased the proliferation of melanocytes (30% decrease), but not melanoma cells. We therefore isolated L-PGDS-expressing cell lines from 624 mel cells. Treatment with RA decreased the proliferation of L-PGDS-expressing cells by 20%, but not mock-transfected cell lines lacking L-PGDS expression. RA induced expression of a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21Cip1 in L-PGDS-expressing cells, but not mock-transfected cells. Moreover, RA increased the transient expression of a reporter gene carrying the RA-responsive elements in L-PGDS-expressing cell lines (at least 5-fold activation), compared to the 2-fold activation in mock-transfected cell lines, suggesting that L-PGDS may increase the sensitivity to RA. Lastly, the knockdown of L-PGDS expression by RNA interference was associated with the restoration of the RA-mediated decrease in proliferation of human and mouse melanocytes. In conclusion, L-PGDS may fine-tune the RA signalling in melanocytes.

 
 
 
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