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Articles by S. Schipf
Total Records ( 2 ) for S. Schipf
  S. Schipf , C. O. Schmidt , D. Alte , A. Werner , C. Scheidt-Nave , U. John , A. Steveling , H. Wallaschofski and H. Volzke
  Aims  Smoking contributes to the development of diabetes and diabetes-related complications. Currently, data on smoking prevalence in subjects with diabetes in Germany are lacking. The aim of our analysis was to determine smoking prevalence in adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus using data from the two population-based studies in Germany.

Methods  From the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) (n = 4283) and the 1998 German National Health Interview and Examination Survey (GNHIES 98) (n = 6663) subjects aged 20-79 years were investigated. Descriptive statistics on smoking prevalence and behaviours were calculated for Type 2 diabetes mellitus and compared with the general population using weightings reflecting the European adult population.

Results  Overall, the prevalence of current smokers was lower among persons with than without Type 2 diabetes mellitus in SHIP (17.3% vs. 38.0%) and in GNHIES 98 (24.7% vs. 32.1%). Only in men, there were more former smokers in Type 2 diabetic patients than in subjects without diabetes in both studies. Among current and former smokers, the number of cigarettes smoked was higher among persons with than without Type 2 diabetes mellitus. For men, this finding was consistent in SHIP and GNHIES 98, while in women, this difference was only observed in GNHIES 98.

Conclusions  The associations between smoking and Type 2 diabetes mellitus are likely to reflect behavioural changes secondary to illness or medical counselling. The high proportion of current smokers among Type 2 diabetic patients, particularly men, should be monitored in repeated surveys following the introduction of disease management programmes.

  M. Schunk , P. Reitmeir , S. Schipf , H. Volzke , C. Meisinger , B. Thorand , A. Kluttig , K.-H. Greiser , K. Berger , G. Muller , U. Ellert , H. Neuhauser , T. Tamayo , W. Rathmann and R. Holle
  Aims  To estimate population values of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in subjects with and without Type 2 diabetes mellitus across several large population-based survey studies in Germany. Systematic differences in relation to age and sex were of particular interest.

Methods  Individual data from four population-based studies from different regions throughout Germany and the nationwide German National Health Interview and Examination Survey (GNHIES98) were included in a pooled analysis of primary data (N = 9579). HRQL was assessed using the generic index instrument SF-36 (36-item Short Form Health Survey) or its shorter version, the SF-12 (12 items). Regression analysis was carried out to examine the association between Type 2 diabetes and the two component scores derived from the SF-36/SF-12, the physical component summary score (PCS-12) and the mental component summary score (MCS-12), as well as interaction effects with age and sex.

Results  The PCS-12 differed significantly by −4.1 points in subjects with Type 2 diabetes in comparison with subjects without Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes was associated with significantly lower MCS-12 in women only. Higher age was associated with lower PCS-12, but with an increase in MCS-12, for subjects with and without Type 2 diabetes.

Conclusions  Pooled analysis of population-based primary data offers HRQL values for subjects with Type 2 diabetes in Germany, stratified by age and sex. Type 2 diabetes has negative consequences for HRQL, particularly for women. This underlines the burden of disease and the importance of diabetes prevention. Factors that disadvantage women with Type 2 diabetes need to be researched more thoroughly.

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