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Articles by S. Prasong
Total Records ( 7 ) for S. Prasong
  K. Nuanchai , S. Prasong and S. Wilaiwan
  Proteolytic activity of protease XXIII on Silk Fibroin (SF) films was studied. The films were prepared from the SF solution by casting on the polystyrene plates and used as substrate for enzymatic degradation. The SF films were incubated with 1.0 mg mL-1 protease XXIII at 37°C up to 21 days. After incubation, those of secondary structure and thermal behavior of the SF films were investigated. FT-IR spectra indicated that the SF films predominantly β-structure. There was found that secondary structure of the films did not change even at 21 days of incubation times. However, slightly decreased of FTIR spectra were also observed by shoulder absorption peaks. The result suggested that some crystalline regions might be digested by the enzyme. This related to the thermal stability from thermogravimetric analysis since the SF films gradually decreased their thermal stability followed the increasing of time exposure to protease XXIII. It is a promising that protease XXIII could be digested SF and will be used this enzyme as a model system for enzymatic study on SF.
  S. Wilaiwan , B. Chirapha , S. Yaowalak and S. Prasong
  The aim of this study was to screening of some elements in different silk cocoon varieties. The varieties of silk were Thai silk (yellow color; Samrong, Nangtui, Nanglai, Huafai, Nangnoi, Nanglaung, Nangseiw, Surin4, Nongkhai012, Green and Gold colors), wild silk (Eri), Japanese and Chinese silk. The cocoons were collected and subjected for investigation of element composition by using SEM/EDX technique. The results found that the elements were arranged in following order of C>O>Ca>Si>Cl>S>Mg for inner surfaces of silk cocoons. For the outer surfaces, all elements were distributed in all Thai strain which slightly differed for each silk strain. Among them, C and O were found in high percentage in all silk cocoons both inner and outer surfaces. Japanese showed higher element than Chinese, but lower than Thai silk varieties. The result indicated that elements may be involved the silk spinning process of silk fiber to promote β-sheet structure.
  S. Yaowalak , S. Wilaiwan and S. Prasong
  Eri (Philosamia ricini) cocoons were dissolved with 9 M Ca(NO3)2 and then dialyzed against distilled water for 3 days. The Silk Fibroin (SF) solution was used as substrate to prepare SF powder by using freeze-drying method. The secondary structure and thermal behavior of SF powder were determined by FT-IR and TGA analyzer, respectively. The SF powder was arranged in micrometer sizes. FT-IR spectra indicated that the SF powder composed of α-helix and β-sheet structures and differed from silk cocoon. Thermal properties were studied by thermogravimetric technique. Difference in thermal properties between Eri silk cocoon and SF powder was found. It is a promising that conformational structure and thermal properties were influenced by changing of silk forms.
  N. Noi , S. Yaowalak , B. Yodthong and S. Prasong
  This study aimed to prepare Silk Fibroin (SF) films with different weight (0.5, 1 and 1.5%) for loading chlorhexidine diacetate as substrate for study their characteristics including morphology, structure and thermal properties. The morphological observation under scanning electron spectroscopy found that all of films have a smooth surface. With cross-section micrographs, the lowest SF content was smoother texture than other. The secondary structures of various films were determined by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. The results showed that SF film composed of β-sheet structures in different ratio depending on the SF content. The result suggested that high SF content formed crystalline by interaction between amino acids molecules in higher ratio than other. However, thermal properties of the SF films did not dramatically differ compared between low and high SF content. It was also found that CHX did not affect on the SF characteristics.
  S. Prasong , S. Yaowalak and S. Wilaiwan
  The study aimed to investigate and compare some characteristics of Bombyx mori and Eri (Philosamia ricini) silks in different forms; with and without sericin. The protein contents were measured and find out the composition of the silk fibroin and sericin proteins by Lowry method. The secondary structure and thermal behavior of all kind of silk were determined by FT-IR and TA instrument, respectively. The B. mori composed of more amount of sericin content than that of Eri silk. FT-IR spectra indicated that the Eri silk was similar profile of silk with and without sericin, whereas B. mori silk showed dramatically differed. With sericin, B. mori composed of higher ratio random coil and α-helix structures than β-structure. With thermogravimetric analysis, both B. mori and Eri silk fibers without sericin showed higher stability than that silk fiber with sericin. This is due to the crystalline region of hydrophobic amino acid composed in the fibroin core protein. The differential scanning calorimetry thermogram of B. mori was differed from Eri silk fiber. It is a promising that characteristics of the silk were influenced by both silk components and silk varieties.
  S. Prasong , K. Nuanchai and S. Wilaiwan
  This study aimed to prepare Eri (Philosamia ricini) Silk Fibroin (SF)/chitosan (CS) blend films by a solvent evaporation method and to compare the blend films with both native SF and CS films. Influence of SF ratios on the morphology, secondary structure and thermal decomposition of the CS blend films were investigated. The native SF and CS films were uniform and homogeneous without phase separation. For the blend films, the uniform can be found less than 60% of SF composition. All of SF/CS blend films showed both SF and CS characteristics. FT-IR results showed that the blend films composed of both random coil and β-sheet with predominant of β-sheet form. Interaction of intermolecular between SF and CS have occurred which were measured by thermogravimetric thermograms. Increasing of SF contents was leading to the increase of β-sheet structures which were enhanced the thermal stability of the CS blend films.
  N. Muntana and S. Prasong
  In this study, different brans of Thai rice cultivars which were divided into 3 groups: white color (Hom mali 105, Supan, Saohai, Hom chaiya and Hom jun), red color (3256, GS 18003, 21606, 21699 and 5718) and black color (96041-20, 96051-37, 96004-49, 96023-35 and 96065-42) were investigated their Total Phenolic Content (TPC) and antioxidant activities. The rice brans were firstly extracted using methanol. The extracts were analyzed using Folin-Ciocalteau method for total phenolic content while thiocyanate method and 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrasyl (DPPH) free radical-scavenging assay were used for antioxidant activities determination. The results indicated that the total phenolic content of white, red and black rice bran extract were in the range of 0.8931-0.9884, 1.0103-1.0494 and 1.0810-1.2239 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE mg-1), respectively. With thiocyanate method, percentage inhibition were in the range of 10.15-20.68, 30.64-38.80 and 25.52-26.28 for white, red and black rice bran extract, respectively. With DPPH radical-scavenging assay, methanolic extract of 5718 showed the highest (IC50=0.0057 mg mL-1) while Homchaiya showed the lowest (IC50=0.2582 mg mL-1) activities. All of extracts showed lower activity than BHA (IC50=0.0012 mg mL-1). However, the antioxidant activity of all rice bran extracts indicated high antioxidant efficiency in the following order: red>black>white color rice brans. It is a promising that Thai rice bran are potential antioxidant sources.
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