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Articles by S. Paul
Total Records ( 3 ) for S. Paul
  P. Nagendra , T. Datta , S. Halder and S. Paul
  The voltage instability is a growing problem in the modern power systems and is associated with rapid voltage drop due to heavy load demand. Fast computing techniques have been tried to properly analyze the voltage stability for predicting the onset of voltage collapse so as to avoid any unwanted events of the system. Several approaches are available in the open literature for assessing the voltage stability of a power system. A fast and easier way to assess the voltage stability of power system is through its equivalent network and widely explored in current literature. This study presents a review on the voltage stability assessment methodologies particularly based on the network equivalent techniques.
  M. Vashista and S. Paul
  An experimental investigation was carried out to study the effect of stresses that approach and exceed the yield point, on the magnetic properties of ground samples of medium carbon steel upon surface grinding. The observed magnetic behaviour included magnetic Barkhausen emission measurements, characteristics changes in the shape of hysteresis loop and magnetic properties derived from hysteresis loop. Relation between Barkhausen Noise (BN) parameters and other magnetic properties with stress have been discussed in term of degree of plastic deformation. It was observed that peak of BN signal, saturation magnetization and permeability derived from hysteresis loop depend to some extent on residual stress and degree of plastic deformation while other magnetic properties obtained from BN profile and hysteresis loop are stress insensitive. X-ray diffraction (XRD), metallographic study and microhardness measurement of ground samples have been undertaken to confirm the results obtained by analysis of magnetic parameters.
  S.K. Biswas , S. Paul , A. Chowdhury and J. Das
  Gastroretentive floating pellets of metronidazole were formulated to prolong the gastric residence time in order to obtain controlled release characteristics of the drug. Nine formulations of metronidazole floating pellets such as AX, BX, CX, AY, BY, CY, AZ, BZ and CZ were prepared by extrusion method using different quantities of hydroxyl propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) polymers such as methocel K4M premium and methocel K100LV premium in the ratio of 2:1, 1:2 and 1.5:1.5 while the amount of Na-alginate used in the formulations was 3.50, 5.25 and 7.0 g, respectively. The in vitro dissolution studies were carried out in 900 mL of phosphate buffer (pH 1.2) at 37±0.5°C and 50 rpm for 6 h using USP XXIV paddle method and the content of drug release was done by UV spectrophotometer at 277 nm. It was found that the percent release of metronidazole from different formulations was different with passing of time. The drug release profile of the formulation (AX) having Na-alginate 3.50 g methocel K4M premium and methocel K100LV premium in the ratio of 2:1 showed best fit to Higuchi release kinetics with R2 value of 0.994. Finally, it might be concluded that the polymers had significant effect on drug release kinetics of metronidazole from floating pellets. The selection and use of suitable polymers in appropriate ratio might be very important in designing floating pellets and using the capabilities of these polymers, suitable floating pellets of metronidazole with desirable release rate could be formulated. Thus, in vivo research studies by the future researchers will confirm the appropriateness of these formulated metronidazole floating pellets.
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