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Articles by S. P. O. Jansson
Total Records ( 2 ) for S. P. O. Jansson
  S. P. O. Jansson , D. K. G. Andersson and K. Svardsudd
 

Aims

To analyse the effects of hyperglycaemia and blood pressure, diabetes and anti-hypertension treatment on total and various types of cardiovascular disease incidence in patients with Type 2 diabetes followed for 30 years.

Methods

A total of 740 incident patients with Type 2 diabetes were registered at the Laxa Primary Health Care Centre, Sweden between 1972 and 2001. Information on systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial blood pressure, mean fasting blood glucose, type of diabetes and anti-hypertension treatment was obtained from the patient records, and information on cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction and stroke events from National Registers.

Results

During the follow-up period the cumulative incidence of cardiovascular disease increased significantly with male sex (HR 1.52, 95% CI 1.25-1.85), age (HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.04-1.07), year of diabetes onset (HR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.05), BMI, (HR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.07), mean arterial blood pressure (HR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.05) and number of previous cardiovascular disease events (HR 1.15, 95% CI 1.10-1.21), and decreased significantly with sulfonylurea treatment (HR 0.64, 95% CI 0.49-0.84), insulin (HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.33-0.98) and calcium channel blocker treatment (HR, 0.69, 95% CI 0.48-0.99). Cumulative incidence of myocardial infarction increased significantly with male sex, age, BMI, mean arterial blood pressure, number of previous myocardial infarction events and diuretic treatment, and decreased with metformin treatment. Cumulative incidence of stroke increased with age, year of diabetes onset, mean arterial blood pressure, and previous number of stroke events.

Conclusions

Cumulative cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction and incidence of stroke increased with number of previous events and presence of hypertension and decreased with pharmacological anti-diabetic treatment and, to a lesser extent, with anti-hypertension treatment.

  S. P. O. Jansson , K. Svardsudd and D. K. G. Andersson
 

Aims

To analyse the effects of hyperglycaemia and hypertension and treatment of diabetes and hypertension on cardiovascular disease incidence in patients with Type 2 diabetes with up to 30 years of follow-up.

Methods

A total of 740 patients with incident Type 2 diabetes were registered at the Laxa Primary Health Care Centre, Sweden between 1972 and 2001. Annual data on mean fasting blood glucose, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure, and type of diabetes and hypertension treatment were obtained from patient records, and information on cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction and stroke events was obtained from national registers.

Results

During the follow-up period, cumulative cardiovascular disease incidence increased significantly with male sex (hazard ratio 1.48, 95% CI 1.21-1.82), number of previous cardiovascular disease events (hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.08-1.18), age, per year (HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.04-1.07), mean fasting blood glucose, per mmol/l (hazard ratio 1.05, 95% CI 1.00-1.10) BMI (hazard ratio 1.04, 95% CI 1.01-1.06), mean arterial blood pressure, per mmHg (hazard ratio 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.03), and decreased significantly with metformin treatment (hazard ratio 0.58, 95% CI 0.38-0.90) and sulfonylurea (hazard ratio 0.73, 95% CI 0.55-0.97). Cumulative myocardial infarction incidence increased significantly with male sex, number of previous myocardial infarction events, mean fasting blood glucose level, BMI, age and mean arterial blood pressure, and decreased with metformin treatment. Cumulative stroke incidence increased with number of previous stroke events, age and mean arterial blood pressure.

Conclusions

The cumulative incidence of cardiovascular disease and myocardial infarction increased with number of previous events and presence of hyperglycaemia and hypertension and decreased with pharmacological treatment of diabetes. A higher number of previous stroke events increased the cumulative incidence of stroke but no protective effect of pharmacological treatment was observed.

 
 
 
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