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Articles by S. Nandi
Total Records ( 3 ) for S. Nandi
  S. Nandi and M. Kumar
  Rabies, a fatal neurological disease of warm blooded animals, is not only a national but also a global problem. It is caused by a RNA virus under the genus Lyssavirus and family Rhabdoviridae. The disease is of paramount importance because of its global distribution, wide host range including a number of wild animals and extremely high case fatality rate. In spite of development of anti-rabies vaccine by Pasteur in 1885, the disease is still endemic in about 100 countries in the world where 2.5 thousand million people live. The dog is the main perpetuator of rabies in developing country including India, it is to be emphasized to bring all the dogs under immunization umbrella or to control the unauthorized stray dogs. Over the time, there is lot of development in the field of immunology, vaccinology and diagnostic arena, the disease is still endemic particularly in developing countries. Few countries viz., USA, Canada, France have employed the recombinant vaccinia virus based bait and succeeded in controlling the wildlife rabies to a great extent. However, cooperation and collaboration of people from the different field should work in a coordinated manner to control the rabies in animals particularly the stray dogs, main source of infection to animals and human beings.
  S.K. Tripathi , S. Nandi , P.S.P. Gupta and S. Mondal
  The present research was undertaken to study the effect of a saturated fatty acid-Palmitic Acid (PA), an unsaturated fatty acid-Oleic Acid (OA) and also to investigate the efficacy of Oleic acid on prevention of detrimental effect of saturated fatty acids on oocyte development in ewes (Ovis aries). Sheep oocytes were matured in vitro in the presence of different concentration of palmitic acid (0, 20, 40 and 60 μM) in experiment 1 and oleic acid (0, 40, 60 and 80 μM) in experiment 2 for 24 h. Oocytes were then in vitro inseminated and evaluated for cleavage rates after 42 h post insemination and presumptive zygotes were evaluated for morulae/blastocyst stages after 7-8 days. In experiment 3, oocyte were matured in vitro in presence of, (a) Palmitic acid (60 μM)+oleic acid (40 μM) in oocyte maturation medium and (b) Oleic acid (40 μM)+stearic acid (30 μM) in medium for 24 h. Palmitic acid, was found to impair the maturation, viability, cleavage and embryo production rates at the level 60 μM in ewes. In contrast, oleic acid improved the oocyte development in vitro. Oleic acid also compensated for the unfavorable effects of palmitic and stearic acid on oocyte development.
  M. Farman , S.K. Tripathi , S. Nandi and V. Girish Kumar
  Somatic cell quality and oocyte quality may be influence by follicular fluid composition. The changes in metabolic composition in follicular fluid reflect the changes in biochemical composition of follicular fluid. The aim of this study was to examine the metabolic stressors composition of follicular fluid of sheep (obese, normal, metabolic stressed and emaciated). Follicular fluid samples were assayed for cholesterol, triglycerides, urea, ammonia, non-esterified fatty acids and β-hydroxybutryic acids. Metabolic stressors like total NEFA, urea and beta-hydroxy butyrate concentrations were significantly higher and cholesterol and triglycerides concentrations were significantly lowered in follicular fluid of metabolic stressed and emaciated ewes.
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