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Articles by S. Kimura
Total Records ( 3 ) for S. Kimura
  A Gugliucci , K Kotani , E Kinugasa , R Hermo , R Caccavello and S. Kimura
  Background

Studies regarding aspirin metabolism can be important in patients with renal failure who have an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. We undertook this study to assess the aspirin esterase (AE) status in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients.

Methods

A total of 42 patients on long-term haemodialysis (HD) with a mean dialysis course of 6.1 y were recruited.

Results

Serum AE levels were 44% lower and cholinesterase (ChE) levels were 22% lower in ESRD patients before dialysis as compared with control subjects (P = 0.0001). A very strong correlation was found between AE and ChE levels. AE levels increased on average 28% after dialysis with adjustments for age, gender, total cholesterol, triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.002). In addition, ChE levels were significantly increased (48%) after dialysis (P = 0.0001). Changes in AE activity were significantly and positively correlated with those of ChE (r = 0.427, P = 0.005). When we adjusted for several confounders, we found that the changes in AE activity operated by dialysis are significant independently of age, gender, aspirin (ASA) intake, cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and ChE.

Conclusions

We report that serum AE activity is significantly lower in ESRD and that treatment by HD results in an increase of activity. We confirm that AE is associated with lipid parameters and ChE. Our results show variations in ASA catabolism between the dialysis sessions, suggesting an oscillating pattern in ASA disposal in these patients. The mechanisms for reduced AE activity in uraemia and the effects of HD need further investigation.

  S Hoshi , N Hoshi , M Okamoto , J Paiz , T Kusakabe , J. M Ward and S. Kimura
 

NKX2-1 is a homeodomain transcription factor that is critical for genesis of the thyroid and transcription of the thyroid-specific genes. Nkx2-1-thyroid-conditional hypomorphic mice were previously developed in which Nkx2-1 gene expression is lost in 50% of the thyroid cells. Using this mouse line as compared with wild-type and Nkx2-1 heterozygous mice, a thyroid carcinogenesis study was carried out using the genotoxic carcinogen N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl)-nitrosamine (DHPN), followed by sulfadimethoxine (SDM) or the non-genotoxic carcinogen amitrole (3-amino-1,2,4-triazole). A significantly higher incidence of adenomas was obtained in Nkx2-1-thyroid-conditional hypomorphic mice as compared with the other two groups of mice only when they were treated with DHPN + SDM, but not amitrole. A bromodeoxyuridine incorporation study revealed that thyroids of the Nkx2-1-thyroid-conditional hypomorphic mice had >2-fold higher constitutive cell proliferation rate than the other two groups of mice, suggesting that this may be at least partially responsible for the increased incidence of adenoma in this mouse line after genotoxic carcinogen exposure. Thus, NKX2-1 may function to control the proliferation of thyroid follicular cells following damage by a genotoxic carcinogen.

  A Nishizawa , M Nakayama , T Uemura , Y Fukuda and S. Kimura
 

Two-cistronic expression plasmids are useful for high-level expression of heterologous genes in Escherichia coli cells by preventing the inhibition of translational initiation. In the process of constructing a two-cistronic expression plasmid pCbSTCR-4 containing the fragments of the porcine cytochrome b5 (Psb5) and NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (PsCPR) genes as the first and second cistrons, respectively, the presence of a specific region in the first cistron that lowered the accumulation level of the PsCPR was suggested [Kimura, S., et al. (2005) J. Biochem. 137, 523–533]. In this study, a disturbing nucleotide sequence similar to a Shine–Dalgarno (SD) sequence (SD-like sequence), AGGAG, was identified at the 5'-upstream region near the SD sequence for the second cistron. Silent mutations in the SD-like sequence that lowered the similarity to a typical SD sequence increased the accumulation level of PsCPR. SD-like sequences introduced into mono-cistronic expression plasmids for the Psb5 and PsCPR genes also decreased the accumulation level of these proteins. The SD-like sequence also decreased the accumulation level of the insoluble PsCPR protein. This type of ribosome-binding site interference is useful not only for precise control of protein accumulation but also for increasing the soluble form of recombinant proteins in E. coli cells.

 
 
 
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