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Articles by S. Guinko
Total Records ( 2 ) for S. Guinko
  M.D. Allarangaye , O. Traore , E.V.S. Traore , R.J. Millogo , S. Guinko and G. Konate
  In the present study, we investigated on the experimental host range of RYMV among plant species most of which are frequently encountered in rice-growing environments of west and central African savannahs. Only seven out of 66 plant species inoculated were infected by RYMV. All susceptible plant species belonged to the Poaceae family and three of them (Chloris prieuri, Eragrostis cilianensis and Shoenefeldia gracilis) were reported for the first time. Symptoms were conspicuous and persistent in most species but disappeared totally in older plants of some host species such as S. gracilis and Eragrostis tenella. Therefore, surveys for identification of RYMV wild hosts should be conducted before the flowering stage. Virus-host Interactions were studied between 15 RYMV isolates of different strains and 10 wild host species. Differential reactions were obtained in the crow-foot grass Dactyloctenium aegyptium which was susceptible to five of the fifteen isolates. All other plants were susceptible to the whole set of virus isolates. Altogether, this study underlined the narrowness of RYMV host range and pointed out the complexity of interactions between the virus and its hosts, especially the rationale behind overcoming host barriers.
  B.J. Neya , J. Zabre , R.J. Millogo , S. Guinko and G. Konate
  The effect of contamination of cowpea seeds by Cowpea aphid borne mosaic virus (CABMV) on disease development was studied in three agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso. Seed contamination is the only source of primary infection by CABMV in the field while aphid vectors are responsible for secondary infections. Two cowpea varieties with different seed contamination rate (0, 0.05, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 5%) were used. The infected plants were recorded every week from the tenth Day After Sowing (DAS) and over seven weeks. In the same way, populations of aphids were evaluated in plots at 30 DAS. There was a difference between the average numbers of insects from one location to another. The initial contamination rate of cowpea seeds by the CABMV played a leading important role in epidemics development according to the areas. With the variety Local Gorom, the secondary infections were early and fast in Niangoloko zone. In Sapouy area, the secondary infections were lower and belated. In the centre zone the impacts were lower than those of Sapouy. In the case of variety Kvx61-1, the secondary infections were medium for all initial contamination rates even in years of great epidemics. For each year, any difference of impact rate had not got between the different seeds upset contamination levels Kvx61-1 behaved well in the three localities even the west where aphids appear precociously and densely.
 
 
 
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