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Articles by S. Ghaffari
Total Records ( 3 ) for S. Ghaffari
  N. Kalantari and S. Ghaffari
  Iron is essential to virtually all organisms but it can be toxic in excess. High concentration of iron and other trace elements could restricted bacterial growth and modify their metabolic pattern as well. However, this study aimed to find out the influence of iron, chromium, cadmium and synergism or antagonism between these elements on growth of a gram negative bacterium. In the series of experiments, E. coli has been cultured in a nutrient broth which supplemented with Fe+2, Fe+3, Cr+3, Cd+2 alone or in combination with together, at 37°C for 5 h. Bacterial growth was measured every half an hour using spectrophotometer. Findings obtained from this study indicated that bacterial growth reduced at presence of 1 mM/L concentration of Fe+3 and 0.5 mM/L Fe+2 in comparison with control. Growth of the bacteria was completely inhibited by 1 mM/L concentration of iron (II). Chromium has also inhibitory effects on growth of the bacteria and cadmium is very toxic. Cr+3 and Cd+ have antagonism effect with iron on the growth of bacteria. This work suggested that trace elements could interact in their metabolism in bacteria. It has also concluded that toxic effects of trace element could be another view against pathogenic bacteria particularly in complex with antibacterial activity of various antibiotics.
  M.R. Youssefi , S.A.A. Sefidgar and S. Ghaffari
  Abstract: This study is carried-out with the aim of determining the prevalence rate of toxoplasmosis in sheep at Babol (Bandpei part). In this study, 285 sheep of Bandpei area in Babol was selected. The samples studied with indirect immunofluorescence antibody. The results showed that 31.2% of sheep in this study were affected by toxoplasmosis. In positive cases, there was not any statistically significant difference between male and female sheep. The most positive cases observed by 1:200 titer. According to the researches in other parts of this country, the prevalence rate in this area is more than the others.
  M. Samadi , R.J. Rashid , S. Ghaffari and M. Shoaran
  The aim of this study is to evaluate the growth failure in children with Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) associated with the Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) and cyanosis. Growth parameters including weight, height and head circumference of 120 cases with congenital heart defects aged 6 months to 14 years were compared with standard growth curves (50th percentile) between November 2007 and November, 2008. Of all, sixty five (54.1%) were male and 55 (45.8%) were female. The patients were classified into four groups based on the presence or absence of PH and cyanosis. The gap between chronological age and bone age (BA) for all subjects was determined. Growth disturbance in weight, height and head circumference was detected in 80 (66.7%), 79 (65.8%) and 41(34.2%) of the patients, respectively. Bone age delay was seen in fifty five percent of the cases. Generally, delay in all parameters was more seen in acyanotic patients with pulmonary hypertension. In subjects with cyanosis whether in addition to PH or not, bone age was significantly retarded. Etiology of growth failure in children with CHD is multifactorial. Further studies are required to assess the role of different factors in this field.
 
 
 
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