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Articles by S. Begum
Total Records ( 5 ) for S. Begum
  C. E. Lloyd , T. Roy , S. Begum , S. Mughal and A. H. Barnett
  Background People from South Asian backgrounds living in the UK have a greatly increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Whether or not this patient group also experience high rates of depressive symptoms (known to be the case in Caucasian populations with diabetes) remains unknown, partly because it is unclear whether the screening tools used are culturally relevant. The aim of this study was to develop culturally competent translations (in both written and audio formats) of two screening tools used to measure symptoms of depression in languages with no written form and establish their face validity. Methods Adults with Type 2 diabetes from two South Asian minority ethnic groups (from Bangladesh and Pakistan) whose main language is only spoken (Sylheti and Mirpuri) were recruited via the Birmingham Heartlands Hospital Diabetes Centre. Participants attended two focus group meetings to consider the content and method of delivery of two questionnaires measuring symptoms of depression, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the World Health Organization Well-being Index (WHO-5). Results Culturally equivalent content was achieved for both questionnaires in both languages. The Mirpuri men and women groups did not indicate a clear preference for either mode of questionnaire delivery; however, the Sylheti groups’ preference was for independent audio-delivery in their spoken language. Conclusions  The face validity of the PHQ-9 and the WHO-5 was established for Sylheti and Mirpuri in an audio delivery format. Psychometric testing is now needed among minority ethnic populations so that the feasibility of wider use can be determined.
  S. Begum , K. Ikejima , H. Ara and M.Z. Islam
  The study was conducted with a drying trial with traditional and solar dryer to assess solar dryer as an option for post processing shrimp bio-waste in Khulna district. Products of traditional and solar drying method indicates a significant difference among protein, lipid, moisture, fiber and calcium content except nitrogen free extract, suggesting the product quality was highest in solar drying method. Therefore this needs to be support research, training and technology demonstration for effective waste drying. Solar driers are small-scale engineering with low-cost locally available materials and could be operated close to the user`s house. Solar drier could increase the temperature almost double and very efficient to dry. In addition it could be a very appreciable technique to dry shrimp waste in the study area regarding the weather constraint. It could provide faster and more hygienic condition than traditional sundryer appears most suitable for the limited income processors. The cost benefit ratio revealed solar drying method is very much applicable and could increase benefit.
  S. Begum , K. Ikejima , H. Ara and M.Z. Islam
  The study was conducted to assess the alternative processing option from shrimp processing biowaste for local people in Khulna district-southwestern Bangladesh. A survey was conducted to know the existing situation. From the survey it was observed that sharp increase in shrimp production did not lead the increase in product from biowaste due to the lack of technical method. The respondents also revealed the lack of financial support and political influence as constraint and the main promising facility was the raw material availability and dried product demand. The waste cause heavy environmental pollution as most often these are dumped into water body or open field. A significantly high biological oxygen demand (p = 0.05) was found in the Rupsha river, adjacent to about 16 processing plants. Therefore it could be concluded that a technical processing method could be introduced as a new arena to process waste with maximum drying rate for economic efficiency and microbiological quality. Also the minimum loss of essential components of the dried material and comparatively cheaper than any other mechanical dryer and do not require skilled labor to build with locally available material. However, more comprehensive study and pilot scale research should be carried out immediately to develop appropriate know how for success in this venture.
  A.K.M. Parvez Iqbal , N.H.M. Zabri , S. Begum and Ishak Bin Aris
  This study presents the improvement of lifting mechanism of an intelligent additional track system for a tracked vehicle. The lifting mechanism is attached to the additional track system at the middle frame of tracked vehicle. It is used to lift the additional track system upwards and downwards depend on the condition of ground surface. In previous study, a tracked vehicle with an intelligent additional track mechanism has been developed to full fill the demand of swamp peat vehicle. However, the design of link mechanism is used to move the additional track is not effectively functioning as it causes the delay and misalignment during the operation. Hence, four different concepts would be generated through morphological method in order to find a proper link mechanism. For each concept, there would be different prospects and functions of their own. Those concepts would be illustrated in design sketches and simulated through morphological diagram. Finally, the best model would be chosen and analysed.
  A. Ahad , Kh.N. Islam , M.M. Rahman , K.F. Parija and S. Begum
  Experimental production of viremia in guineapigs against foot and mouth disease virus was studied. Post infection viremia was observed in post inoculated guineapigs only. Viremia appeared within 3DPI and persisted up to 5 DPI in post inoculated guineapigs, but control animals did not show any signs of viremia. Viremial level was also measured in post-inoculated guineapigs. The mean virus titres at 3, 4 and 5 DPI were log10 2.16, 3.39 and 3.44 respectively. It is concluded that guineapigs might be an excellent mode for studying the viremia against foot and mouth disease virus.
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