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Articles by S. Ando
Total Records ( 2 ) for S. Ando
  S Catalano , I Barone , C Giordano , P Rizza , H Qi , G Gu , R Malivindi , D Bonofiglio and S. Ando

In situ estrogen production by aromatase conversion from androgens plays an important role in breast tumor promotion. Here, we show that 17β-estradiol (E2) can rapidly enhance aromatase enzymatic activity through an increase of aromatase protein phosphorylation in breast cancer cell lines. In vivo labeling experiments and site-directed mutagenesis studies demonstrated that phosphorylation of the 361-tyrosine residue is crucial in the up-regulation of aromatase activity under E2 exposure. Our results demonstrated a direct involvement of nonreceptor tyrosine-kinase c-Src in E2-stimulated aromatase activity because inhibition of its signaling abrogated the up-regulatory effects induced by E2 on aromatase activity as well as phosphorylation of aromatase protein. In addition, from our data it emerges that aromatase is a target of cross talk between growth factor receptors and estrogen receptor signaling. These findings show, for the first time, that tyrosine phosphorylation processes play a key role in the rapid changes induced by E2 in aromatase enzymatic activity, revealing the existence of a short nongenomic autocrine loop between E2 and aromatase in breast cancer cells.

  R Gohara , D Liu , K Nakashima , Y Takasaki and S. Ando

Organic compounds are used as templates to regulate the morphology of inorganic nanostructures. In the present study, we used intermediate filaments (IFs), the major cytoskeleton component of most eukaryotic cells, as a template for hollow silica nanotube preparation. Sol–gel polymerization of tetraethoxysilane proceeded preferentially on the surface of IFs assembled from vimentin protein in vitro, resulting in silica-coated fibres. After removing IFs by calcination, electron microscopy revealed hollow silica nanotubes several micrometers long, with outer diameters of 35–55 nm and an average inner diameter of 10 nm (comparable to that of IFs). Furthermore, the silica nanotubes exhibited a gnarled surface structure with an 18–26 nm repeating pattern (comparable to the 21-nm beading pattern along IFs). Thus, the characteristic morphology of IFs were well replicated into hollow silica nanotubes, suggesting that IFs maybe useful as an organic template.

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