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Articles by S. H Wu
Total Records ( 3 ) for S. H Wu
  S. M Tsai , S. K Lin , K. T Lee , J. K Hsiao , J. C Huang , S. H Wu , H Ma and L. Y. Tsai
  Background

Excess reactive oxygen species related to neoplasia of liver has been established. Essentially, the human body has developed different antioxidant systems for defence against these attacks. To evaluate the redox status in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) induced by hepatitis B virus (HBV), the most important aetiological factor in Taiwan, changes in O2. generation, lipid peroxidation as well as antioxidant status in the blood of HCC patients with HBV carriers for more than 20 years were measured.

Methods

Superoxide anion radical (O2.–) generation and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) served as an index of lipid peroxidation along with the analyses of activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GRx); also, glutathione status, including reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), and the levels of vitamins A, C and E were determined.

Results

In 54 patients, the levels of O2.–, MDA and GSSG, and the activities of SOD and GRx of blood were significantly higher than those of 57 controls. Conversely, the levels of GSH and total GSH, and GSH/GSSG ratio, and vitamins A and C were significantly decreased. Additionally, there were no significant changes in the activity of GPx and the levels of vitamin E.

Conclusions

Our data suggest that the redox statuses in patients with HBV-associated HCC were elevated or decreased in certain parameters. However, the increased activities of antioxidant enzymes may be a compensatory up-regulation and the decrease antioxidant statuses were responses to the enhanced oxidative stress in those patients.

  C. H Huang , I. L Lee , I. J Yeh , J. H Liao , C. L Ni , S. H Wu and S. H. Chiou
 

Helicobacter pylori is a spiral Gram-negative microaerophilic bacterium. It is unique and distinctive among various bacterial pathogens for its ability to persist in the extreme acidic environment of human stomachs. To address and identify changes in the proteome of H. pylori in response to low pH, we have used a proteomic approach to study the protein expression of H. pylori under neutral (pH 7) and acidic (pH 5) conditions. Global protein-expression profiles of H. pylori under acid stress were analysed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DE) followed by liquid chromatography (LC)-nanoESI-mass spectrometry (MS)/MS and bioinformatics database analysis. Among the proteins differentially expressed under acidic condition, a non-heme iron-containing ferritin of H. pylori (HP-ferritin) was found to be consistently upregulated at pH 5 as compared to pH 7. It was also found that HP-ferritin can switch from an iron-storage protein with ferroxidase activity to a DNA-binding/protection function under in vitro conditions upon exposure to acidic environment. Prokaryotic ferritins, such as non-heme iron-binding HP-ferritin with dual functionality reported herein, may play a significant urease-independent role in the acid adaptation of H. pylori under physiological conditions in vivo.

  C. H Hsu , Y. R Pan , Y. D Liao , S. H Wu and C. Chen
 

The stability, structures and steric hindrances of recombinant RNases 2 and 4 expressed in bacteria were studied by circular dichroism (CD) and NMR techniques, and the results were compared with those of their authentic RNases extracted from oocytes of Rana catesbeiana. Although the overall structures of the recombinant and authentic proteins are almost identical, the extra N-terminal Met residue of the recombinant protein remarkably affects catalytic activity and stability. NMR chemical shift comparison of recombinant RNases and the authentic proteins indicated that the structural differences are mainly confined to the N-terminal helical and S2 anti-parallel β-sheet regions. Significant shift changes for the residues located on the S2 region indicate that the major influences on the structure around the N terminus is due to the loss of the hydrogen bond between Pyr1 and Val95(96) in recombinant RNases 2 and 4. We concluded the apparent steric hindrances of the extra Met to the binding pocket. As well, the affected conformational changes of active residues are attributed to the reduced activities of recombinant RNases. The structural integrity exerted by the N-terminal Pyr1 residue may be crucial for amphibian RNases and the greatest structural differences occur on the network of the Pyr1 residue and S2 β-sheet region.

 
 
 
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