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Articles by S. C Kim
Total Records ( 2 ) for S. C Kim
  S. I Kim , S. C Kim , Y. H Baek , S. Y Ok and S. H. Kim
  Background

Ramosetron is a new selective 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist that reportedly has more potent antiemetic effects compared with other 5-HT3 receptor antagonists. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ramosetron for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) with that of ondansetron or placebo in high-risk patients undergoing gynaecological surgery.

Methods

In this prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, 162 healthy patients who were undergoing gynaecological operation under general anaesthesia using sevoflurane were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups: the ramosetron group (0.3 mg i.v.; n=54), the ondansetron group (8 mg i.v.; n=54), and the placebo group (normal saline i.v.; n=54). The treatments were given before the end of surgery. The incidence of PONV, severity of nausea, and the use of rescue antiemetic requirements during the first 24 h after surgery were evaluated.

Results

The incidence of nausea was lower in the ramosetron (50%) and ondansetron (44%) groups compared with the placebo group (69%) (P<0.05). In addition, the incidence of vomiting was lower in both the ramosetron (17%) and the ondansetron (20%) groups than in the placebo group (44%) during the first 24 h after surgery (P<0.05). The visual analogue scale score for nausea was also lower in the ramosetron and ondansetron groups compared with the placebo group (P<0.05). The proportion of patients requiring rescue antiemetics was significantly lower with ramosetron (15%) when compared with the placebo group (41%) during the 24 h after surgery (P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in the incidence of nausea and vomiting, severity of nausea, and required rescue PONV between the ramosetron and the ondansetron groups.

Conclusions

Ramosetron 0.3 mg i.v. was as effective as ondansetron 8 mg i.v. in decreasing the incidence of PONV and reducing nausea severity in female patients during the first 24 h after gynaecological surgery.

  S. C Kim , J. P Stice , L Chen , J. S Jung , S Gupta , Y Wang , G Baumgarten , J Trial and A. A. Knowlton
 

Rationale: Previously, we have found that changes in the location of intracellular heat shock protein (HSP)60 are associated with apoptosis. HSP60 has been reported to be a ligand of Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4.

Objective: We hypothesized that extracellular HSP60 (exHSP60) would mediate apoptosis via TLR4.

Methods and Results: Adult rat cardiac myocytes were treated with HSP60, either recombinant human or with HSP60 purified from the media of injured rat cardiac myocytes. ExHSP60 induced apoptosis in cardiac myocytes, as detected by increased caspase 3 activity and increased DNA fragmentation. Apoptosis could be reduced by blocking antibodies to TLR4 and by nuclear factor B binding decoys, but not completely inhibited, even though similar treatment blocked lipopolysaccharide-induced apoptosis. Three distinct controls showed no evidence for involvement of a ligand other than exHSP60 in the mediation of apoptosis.

Conclusions: This is the first report of HSP60-induced apoptosis via the TLRs. HSP60-mediated activation of TLR4 may be a mechanism of myocyte loss in heart failure, where HSP60 has been detected in the plasma.

 
 
 
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