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Articles by S de Vogel
Total Records ( 1 ) for S de Vogel
  S de Vogel , M. P Weijenberg , J. G Herman , K. A. D Wouters , A. F. P. M de Goeij , P. A van den Brandt , A. P de Bruine and M. van Engeland
 

Background: To study how caretaker gene silencing relates to gatekeeper mutations in colorectal cancer (CRC), we investigated whether O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and Human Mut-L Homologue 1 (MLH1) promoter hypermethylation are associated with APC, KRAS and BRAF mutations among 734 CRC patients.

Methods: We compared MGMT hypermethylation with G:C > A:T mutations in APC and KRAS and with the occurrence of such mutations in CpG or non-CpG dinucleotides in APC. We also compared MLH1 hypermethylation with truncating APC mutations and activating KRAS and BRAF mutations.

Results: Only 10% of the tumors showed both MGMT and MLH1 hypermethylation. MGMT hypermethylation occurred more frequently in tumors with G:C > A:T KRAS mutations (55%) compared with those without these mutations (38%, P < 0.001). No such difference was observed for G:C > A:T mutations in APC, regardless of whether mutations occurred in CpG or non-CpG dinucleotides. MLH1 hypermethylation was less common in tumors with APC mutations (P = 0.006) or KRAS mutations (P = 0.001), but was positively associated with BRAF mutations (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: MGMT hypermethylation is associated with G:C > A:T mutations in KRAS, but not in APC, suggesting that MGMT hypermethylation may succeed APC mutations but precedes KRAS mutations in colorectal carcinogenesis. MLH1-hypermethylated tumors harbor fewer APC and KRAS mutations and more BRAF mutations, suggesting that they develop distinctly from an MGMT methylator pathway.

 
 
 
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