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Articles by S Yue
Total Records ( 2 ) for S Yue
  Z Liu , S Yue , X Chen , T Kubin and T. Braun
 

Rationale: Polyploidy and multinucleation are characteristic features of mammalian cardiomyocytes, which develop shortly after birth when most differentiated cardiomyocytes become acytokinetic. Cardiac overload and hypertrophy further increase the degree of polyploidy of cardiomyocytes, suggesting a role in cell type–specific responses to physiological and pathological stimuli.

Objective: We sought to study the function of cyclinG1 in the regulation of polyploidy and multinucleation in cardiomyocytes.

Methods and Results: We found that expression of cyclinG1, a transcriptional target of p53, coincides with arrest of cardiomyocyte proliferation and onset of polyploidization. Overexpression of cyclinG1 promoted DNA synthesis but inhibited cytokinesis in neonatal cardiomyocytes leading to an enlarged population of binuclear cardiomyocytes. Reciprocally, inactivation of the cyclinG1 gene in mice lowered the degree of polyploidy and multinucleation in cardiomyocytes. Moreover, lack of cyclinG1 prevented the increase of polynucleated cardiomyocytes in response to pressure overload and hypertrophy.

Conclusions: CyclinG1 is an important player for the regulation of polyploidy and multinucleation in cardiomyocytes probably by inhibition of apoptosis caused by checkpoint activation.

  A. B.Y Hui , S Yue , W Shi , N. M Alajez , E Ito , S. R Green , S Frame , B O`Sullivan and F. F. Liu
 

Purpose: Seliciclib is a small-molecule cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, which has been reported to induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in EBV-negative nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines. Because most nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients harbor EBV, we proceeded to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of seliciclib in EBV-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma models.

Experimental Design: Cytotoxicity of seliciclib was investigated in the EBV-positive cell line C666-1 and the C666-1 and C15 xenograft models. Caspase activities and cell cycle analyses were measured by flow cytometry. Efficacy of combined treatment of seliciclib with radiation therapy was also evaluated.

Results: Seliciclib caused significant cytotoxicity in the C666-1 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner, with accumulation of cells in both sub-G1 and G2-M phases, indicative of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, respectively. Caspase-2, -3, -8, and -9 activities were all increased, with caspase-3 being the most significantly activated at 48 h after treatment. These cells also showed a reduction of Mcl-1 mRNA and protein levels. Combined treatment of seliciclib with radiation therapy showed a synergistic interaction with enhanced cytotoxicity in C666-1 cells and delayed repair of double-strand DNA breaks. For in vivo models, significant delays in tumor growth were observed for both C666-1 and C15 tumors, which were associated with enhanced apoptosis as determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling and immunohistochemistry analyses.

Conclusions: Seliciclib enhanced the antitumor efficacy of radiation therapy in EBV-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma, characterized by G2-M arrest, and apoptosis, associated with an induction in caspase activity. This process is mediated by reduction in Mcl-1 expression and by attenuation of double-strand DNA break repair.

 
 
 
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