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Articles by S Tsuji
Total Records ( 2 ) for S Tsuji
  Y Inuzuka , J Okuda , T Kawashima , T Kato , S Niizuma , Y Tamaki , Y Iwanaga , Y Yoshida , R Kosugi , K Watanabe Maeda , Y Machida , S Tsuji , H Aburatani , T Izumi , T Kita and T. Shioi

Background— Heart failure is a typical age-associated disease. Although age-related changes of heart are likely to predispose aged people to heart failure, little is known about the molecular mechanism of cardiac aging.

Methods and Results— We analyzed age-associated changes in murine heart and the manner in which suppression of the p110 isoform of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity modified cardiac aging. Cardiac function declined in old mice associated with the expression of senescence markers. Accumulation of ubiquitinated protein and lipofuscin, as well as comprehensive gene expression profiling, indicated that dysregulation of protein quality control was a characteristic of cardiac aging. Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase preserved cardiac function and attenuated expression of the senescence markers associated with enhanced autophagy. Suppression of target of rapamycin, a downstream effector of phosphoinositide 3-kinase, also prevented lipofuscin accumulation in the heart.

Conclusions— Suppression of phosphoinositide 3-kinase prevented many age-associated changes in the heart and preserved cardiac function of aged mice.

  Y Takahashi , S Tsuji , Y Kazuki , M Noguchi , I Arifuku , Y Umebayashi , T Nakanishi , M Oshimura and K. Sato

Bioactive substances in daily food and supplements are expected to prevent various lifestyle-related diseases. Recently, many evaluation systems for bioactive substances were developed with cell lines integrated with green fluorescence protein (GFP) reporter gene. To evaluate osteogensis activity in functional food, we developed a novel cell line that reports osteocalcin gene expression using the human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector. HAC vectors are able to avoid various problems in usual plasmid vector such as difficulty in control of transgene copy number. HAC is transmitted to cells as an independent chromosome from host chromosomes, and expresses transgenes depending on host cell circumstances. We established Chinese hamster ovary cell lines that carried GFP gene regulated by osteocalcin gene promoter on the HAC. Expression of GFP was responded to vitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]. Furthermore, we constructed HAC vector bearing tandem repeats of reporter gene unit, to enhance intensity of gene expression. GFP expression in these reporter cells is related to the copy number of reporter gene units. Using the evaluation system for bioactive substances, we could show osteogenic activity in some fish oils.

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