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Articles by S Tan
Total Records ( 2 ) for S Tan
  H Tang , F Chen , Q Tan , S Tan , L Liu and F. Zhang
 

Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), which mediates trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 (K27me3), plays an important role in many types of stem cell differentiation. Here, we try to reveal how PRC2, PRC2-mediated repressive histone marker H3K27me3, and active histone marker histone H4 acetylation (acH4) regulate the CD11b transcription during all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced HL-60 leukemia cell differentiation. By using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blot analysis, we found that the mRNA and protein expression levels of two members of PRC2 were decreased during ATRA-induced HL-60 differentiation, respectively. When treated with ATRA for 72 h, the EZH2 and SUZ12 mRNA levels were decreased to 35% and 38% of the control group, respectively. At the same time, the granulocytic mature surface marker CD11b expression was increased significantly at mRNA level detected by qPCR and protein level detected by flow cytometry. By using chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, we compared the local changes in SUZ12 binding and PRC2-mediated H3K27me3 at the promoter of CD11b during ATRA-induced HL-60 differentiation. Both the levels of SUZ12 binding and PRC2-mediated H3K27me3 at the promoter of CD11b were decreased for 4.1 and 3.8 folds, respectively. And we also found the increase in the acH4 level up to 4 folds after 72 h of ATRA treatment. These results suggested that the histone modification including PRC2-mediated repressive histone marker H3K27me3 and active histone marker acH4 may involve in CD11b transcription during HL-60 leukemia cells reprogramming to terminal differentiation.

  S Benson , S Hahn , S Tan , K Mann , O.E Janssen , M Schedlowski and S. Elsenbruch
  BACKGROUND

Comparatively little attention has been paid to the symptoms of anxiety in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), although anxiety disorders constitute the most common psychiatric diagnoses among endocrine patients and in the general population. Therefore, our goal was to address the prevalence, determinants and implications of anxiety alone or anxiety in combination with depression in German women with PCOS.

METHODS

In this nation-wide, internet-based survey, anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS) and quality of life (SF-12) were assessed together with sociodemographic information and clinical PCOS symptoms in 448 PCOS women.

RESULTS

Of the patients, 34% showed clinically relevant HADS anxiety scores and 21% had clinically relevant HADS depression scores. Quality of life was significantly impaired in PCOS women with anxiety (P < 0.001), in particular, in women with comorbid anxiety and depression (P < 0.001). The risk for clinically relevant HADS anxiety scores was significantly enhanced in PCOS women with acne (odds ratio (OR) = 1.52; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.03–2.52) and an unfulfilled wish to conceive (OR = 1.50; 95% CI = 1.01–2.23).

CONCLUSIONS

PCOS women may be at an increased risk for clinically relevant anxiety, and comorbid anxiety and depression is also very common. Anxiety contributes to impaired quality of life in PCOS. Given the high prevalence and the serious implications, and the availability of effective treatment options given proper diagnosis, clinicians should be more aware of anxiety disorders in women with PCOS.

 
 
 
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