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Articles by S Rathore
Total Records ( 2 ) for S Rathore
  S Rathore , O Katoh , H Matsuo , M Terashima , N Tanaka , Y Kinoshita , M Kimura , E Tsuchikane , K Nasu , M Ehara , K Asakura , Y Asakura and T. Suzuki

Background— Retrograde approach through collaterals has been introduced for percutaneous recanalization of chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the coronary arteries. We investigated the safety and efficacy of retrograde approaches used for percutaneous recanalization of CTO in a consecutive series of patients.

Methods and Results— We studied 157 consecutive patients who underwent retrograde CTO recanalization between 2003 and 2008 at a single center. A total of 118 (75.2%) of these patients have had previously failed antegrade attempts. Septal, epicardial, and saphenous vein graft collaterals were used in 67.5%, 24.8%, and 7.6% of cases, respectively. Collateral channel was crossed by guide wire successfully in 115 (73.2%) cases, and the procedure was successful by retrograde approach in 103 (65.6%) cases. Collateral channels (CCs) were graded as follows: CC0, no continuous connection; CC1, continuous thread-like connection; and CC2, continuous, small sidebranch-like connection. CC1, collateral tortuosity <90°, and angle with recipient vessel <90° (P<0.0001) were significant predictors of success. Epicardial channel use (P=0.01), CC0, corkscrew channel (P<0.0001), angle with recipient vessel >90° (P=0.0007), and nonvisibility of connection with recipient vessel were found to be significant predictors of procedural failure. The CC dissection was observed in 6 patients, with 1 needing coil embolization and others who were managed conservatively. The major adverse cardiac events were low, with 1 coronary artery bypass graft, 1 Q-wave myocardial infarction, 5 non–Q-wave myocardial infarctions, and no deaths in this group of patients.

Conclusions— The retrograde approach in CTO percutaneous coronary intervention is effective in recanalizing CTO. The success rate by retrograde approach was 65.6%, and final success was 85% in this group with acceptable overall adverse events. We have identified predictors of failure related to collateral morphology.

  E. A Dawson , S Rathore , N. T Cable , D. J Wright , J. L Morris and D. J. Green

Background— The aim of this study was to compare the impact of transradial catheterization with hydrophilic-coated catheter sheaths versus uncoated sheaths on NO-mediated endothelial-dependent and -independent vasodilator function.

Methods and Results— Thirty-five subjects undergoing transradial catheterization were recruited and assessed before and the day after catheterization. A subgroup was also assessed 3 to 4 months after catheterization. Subjects received hydrophilic-coated sheaths (n=15) or uncoated sheaths (n=20). Radial artery flow-mediated dilatation and endothelium- and NO-dependent arterial dilatation were assessed within the region of sheath placement. Glyceryl trinitrate endothelium-independent NO-mediated function was also assessed. The noncatheterized arm provided an internal control. Flow-mediated dilatation in the catheterized arm decreased from 10.3±3.8% to 5.3±3.3% and 8.1±2.4% to 5.2±3.7% in the coated and uncoated groups, respectively (P<0.01). These values returned toward baseline levels 3 months later (coated, 6.4±1.4%; uncoated, 9.4±4.1%; P<0.05) versus postprocedure. Glyceryl trinitrate decreased from 14.8±7.2% to 9.5±4.1% (P<0.05) in the coated group and from 12.2±4.6% to 7.5±4.2% (P<0.01) in the uncoated group. Values returned to baseline at 3 months (coated, 16.6±5.6%; uncoated, 12.1±3.9%; P<0.05). There was no difference in the magnitude of decrease in flow-mediated dilatation or glyceryl trinitrate between coated and uncoated groups. No changes in function occurred in the noncatheterized arm.

Conclusions— Placement of a catheter sheath inside the radial artery disrupts vasodilator function, which recovers after 3 months. No differences were evident between hydrophilic-coated and uncoated sheaths.

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