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Articles by S Masse
Total Records ( 2 ) for S Masse
  M. A Saporta , I Katona , R. A Lewis , S Masse , M. E Shy and J. Li
 

Charcot–Marie-Tooth disease type 1A is the most common inherited neuropathy and is caused by duplication of chromosome 17p11.2 containing the peripheral myelin protein-22 gene. This disease is characterized by uniform slowing of conduction velocities and secondary axonal loss, which are in contrast with non-uniform slowing of conduction velocities in acquired demyelinating disorders, such as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Mechanisms responsible for the slowed conduction velocities and axonal loss in Charcot–Marie-Tooth disease type 1A are poorly understood, in part because of the difficulty in obtaining nerve samples from patients, due to the invasive nature of nerve biopsies. We have utilized glabrous skin biopsies, a minimally invasive procedure, to evaluate these issues systematically in patients with Charcot–Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (n = 32), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (n = 4) and healthy controls (n = 12). Morphology and molecular architecture of dermal myelinated nerve fibres were examined using immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Internodal length was uniformly shortened in patients with Charcot–Marie-Tooth disease type 1A, compared with those in normal controls (P < 0.0001). Segmental demyelination was absent in the Charcot–Marie-Tooth disease type 1A group, but identifiable in all patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. Axonal loss was measurable using the density of Meissner corpuscles and associated with an accumulation of intra-axonal mitochondria. Our study demonstrates that skin biopsy can reveal pathological and molecular architectural changes that distinguish inherited from acquired demyelinating neuropathies. Uniformly shortened internodal length in Charcot–Marie-Tooth disease type 1A suggests a potential developmental defect of internodal lengthening. Intra-axonal accumulation of mitochondria provides new insights into the pathogenesis of axonal degeneration in Charcot–Marie-Tooth disease type 1A.

  S. C Toal , T. A Farid , R Selvaraj , V. S Chauhan , S Masse , J Ivanov , L Harris , E Downar , M. R Franz and K. Nanthakumar
 

Background— Action potential duration (APD) variation is an important determinant of wave break and reentry. The determinants of APD variability during early ventricular fibrillation (VF) in myopathic human hearts have not been studied. The objective of this study was to study the role of APD restitution and short-term cardiac memory on variation in human VF.

Methods and Results— The study consisted of 7 patients (67±9 years old) with ejection fraction <35%. Monophasic action potentials were recorded from the right and/or left ventricular septum during VF. APD60/90 was measured in sinus beat preceding induction of VF, and its amplitude was used to define 60%/90% repolarization in VF. The monophasic action potential upstroke (dV/dtmax) was used to characterize local excitability. Simple linear regression showed that variability in APDn60 was determined by APD/diastolic interval restitution (R2=0.48, P<0.0001) and short-term memory (APD60 n–1, n–2, n–3, n–4; R2=0.55, 0.40, 0.33, and 0.27 respectively; P<0.001). Using multiple stepwise regression, short-term memory and restitution accounted for 62% of variance in APD60 (P<0.001). Individually, memory effect had the greatest contribution to APD variability (R2=0.55, P<0.0001).

Conclusions— In early human VF, short-term memory and APD/diastolic interval restitution explain most of the APD variability, with memory effects predominating. This suggests that in early human VF, short-term cardiac memory may provide a novel therapeutic target to modulate progression of VF in myopathic patients.

 
 
 
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