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Articles by S Ito
Total Records ( 10 ) for S Ito
  H Ihara , T Watanabe , N Hashizume , M Totani , K Kamioka , K Onda , S Sunahara , T Suzuki , M Itabashi , Y Aoki , M Ishibashi , S Ito , K Ohashi , T Enomoto , K Saito , K Saeki , Y Nagamura , T Nobori , K Hirota , K Fujishiro , M Maekawa , M Miura and Y. Ohta
  Background

The aim of the present study was to evaluate standard reference material (SRM) 1955 commutability as a reference material for serum folate using automated methods. We also designed so as to reduce the intermethod variability present in different automated methods.

Methods

Using a microbiological assay related to the ‘information value’ of SRM 1955 as a comparison method, we investigated the possibility of standardization for the assay values of serum folate as measured by the automated methods (Access, Centaur and Elecsys). In the assay of 50 patient sera by these automated methods, we corrected observed values by the SRM 1955 and compared with comparison values.

Results

The observed values of SRM 1955 Levels I, II and III were within or outside (but near) a 95% prediction interval obtained from patient sera by the automated methods. The normalized residuals obtained from SRM 1955 were within ±3.0 (in SD units), which enabled us to conclude that the SRM 1955 had a physicochemical characterization similar to native serum. Twelve patients were assessed as hypofolataemia (<6.0 ng/mL) and 38 patients as normal (≥6.0 ng/mL). Before correction, folate levels in six of 12 patients were lower than 6.0 ng/mL, and those in seven of 38 patients were higher than 6.0 ng/mL with the automated methods. After correction, low levels were found in four of 12 patients, and normal levels were found in 33 of 38 patients.

Conclusions

The use of SRM 1955 would help to reduce the intermethod variability present in different automated methods for serum folate measurement.

  T Sugimura , Y Tananari , Y Ozaki , Y Maeno , S Ito , Y Yoshimoto , K Kawano and S. Tanaka
 

Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) was prevented from recurring in 2 children by sodium cromoglycate (SCG) before intake of the causative food. Case 1: A 14-year-old girl who had suffered recurrent symptoms of anaphylaxis when she exercised after lunch. Radioallergosorbent test (RAST) was 1.49 UA/mL for wheat. She was advised to take SCG before lunch. In 2007, she ate bread at lunchtime without taking SCG and developed anaphylaxis. After this, she always took SCG and did not develop anaphylaxis. Case 2: A 9-year-old boy who had recurrent symptoms of anaphylaxis when he exercised after lunch. RAST was 0.46 UA/mL for wheat. He started taking SCG before lunch. In June 2008, he forgot to take SCG and ate fu (a food made from wheat). He exercised after lunch and developed anaphylaxis. Since then, he has always taken SCG and has not developed anaphylaxis. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that SCG prevents FDEIA caused by wheat allergy.

  T Yuasa , M Iijima , S Ito , T Muguruma , T Saito and I. Mizoguchi
 

The effects of 2 years of storage and 6000 thermocycles on the shear bond strength (SBS) of two self-etching adhesive systems were studied. Two self-etching primer (SEP) systems (Transbond Plus and Beauty Ortho Bond) and one etch and rinse system (Transbond XT) were used to bond brackets to 126 human premolars that were then stored in artificial saliva for 24 hours or 2 years and thermocycled in distilled water before SBS testing with a universal testing machine. The adhesive remnant index (ARI) scores were calculated. Data were compared by two-way analysis of variance and chi-square analysis. Enamel/adhesive interfaces were examined by scanning electron microscopy.

There was no significant difference in the mean SBS for the bonding materials among the three conditions. ARI scores showed that Transbond XT and Beauty Ortho Bond had less adhesive remaining on the teeth after ageing compared with storage for 24 hours. Specimens bonded with Beauty Ortho Bond showed leakage between the resin adhesive and enamel after ageing. Both SEP systems produced adequate SBS even after 2 years or 6000 times thermocycling. Thermocycling is an appropriate technique for determining the durability of orthodontic bracket bonding materials.

  S Sawatsubashi , T Murata , J Lim , R Fujiki , S Ito , E Suzuki , M Tanabe , Y Zhao , S Kimura , S Fujiyama , T Ueda , D Umetsu , T Ito , K. i Takeyama and S. Kato
 

Chromatin reorganization is essential for transcriptional control by sequence-specific transcription factors. However, the molecular link between transcriptional control and chromatin reconfiguration remains unclear. By colocalization of the nuclear ecdysone receptor (EcR) on the ecdysone-induced puff in the salivary gland, Drosophila DEK (dDEK) was genetically identified as a coactivator of EcR in both insect cells and intact flies. Biochemical purification and characterization of the complexes containing fly and human DEKs revealed that DEKs serve as histone chaperones via phosphorylation by forming complexes with casein kinase 2. Consistent with the preferential association of the DEK complex with histones enriched in active epigenetic marks, dDEK facilitated H3.3 assembly during puff formation. In some human myeloid leukemia patients, DEK was fused to CAN by chromosomal translocation. This mutation significantly reduced formation of the DEK complex, which is required for histone chaperone activity. Thus, the present study suggests that at least one histone chaperone can be categorized as a type of transcriptional coactivator for nuclear receptors.

  K Zama , Y Hayashi , S Ito , Y Hirabayashi , T Inoue , K Ohno , N Okino and M. Ito
 

We report here a method of simultaneously quantifying glucosylceramide (GlcCer) and galactosylceramide (GalCer) by normal-phase HPLC using O-phtalaldehyde derivatives. Treatment with sphingolipid ceramide N-deacylase which converts the cerebrosides in the sample to their lyso-forms was followed by the quantitative labeling of free NH2 groups of the lyso-cerebrosides with O-phtalaldehyde. Using this method, 14.1 pmol of GlcCer and 10.4 pmol of GalCer, and 108.1 pmol of GlcCer and 191.1 pmol of GalCer were detected in zebrafish embryos and RPMI 1864 cells, respectively, while 22.2 pmol of GlcCer but no GalCer was detected in CHOP cells using cell lysate containing 100 µg of protein. Linearity for the determination of each cerebroside was observed from 50 to 400 µg of protein under the conditions used, which corresponds to approximately 103 to 105 RPMI cells and 5 to 80 zebrafish embryos. The present method clearly revealed that the treatment of RPMI cells with a GlcCer synthase inhibitor P4 resulted in a marked decrease in GlcCer but not GalCer, concomitantly with a significant decrease in the GlcCer synthase activity. On the other hand, GlcCer but not GalCer increased 2-fold when an acid glucocerebrosidase inhibitor CBE was injected into zebrafish embryos. Interestingly, the treatment of CHOP cells with ciclosporin A increased GlcCer possibly due to the inhibition of LacCer synthase. A significant increase in levels of GlcCer in fibroblasts from patients with Gaucher disease was clearly shown by the method. The proposed method is useful for the determination of GlcCer and GalCer levels in various biological samples.

  T Yoshikawa , A Tsuburaya , S Morita , Y Kodera , S Ito , H Cho , Y Miyashita and J. Sakamoto
 

This randomized Phase II trial compares neoadjuvant chemotherapy of two or four courses of S-1 (1 M tegafur–0.4 M gimestat–1 M ostat potassium) plus cisplatin or paclitaxel plus cisplatin by a two-by-two factorial design for patients with macroscopically resectable locally advanced gastric cancer. The primary endpoint is the 3-year overall survival. The sample size is 60–80 in a total for two hypotheses of the superiority of four courses to two courses and the superiority of paclitaxel plus cisplatin to S-1 plus cisplatin. In both arms, S-1 is strongly recommended post-operatively for at least 6 months but no adjuvant chemotherapy is permitted other than S-1 until recurrence. This trial could appraise more suitable cycles and regimen as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer.

  R Suzuki , Z Fujimoto , S Ito , S. I Kawahara , S Kaneko , K Taira , T Hasegawa and A. Kuno
 

Retaining glycosyl hydrolases, which catalyse both glycosylation and deglycosylation in a concerted manner, are the most abundant hydrolases. To date, their visualization has tended to be focused on glycosylation because glycosylation reactions can be visualized by inactivating deglycosylation step and/or using substrate analogues to isolate covalent intermediates. Furthermore, during structural analyses of glycosyl hydrolases with hydrolytic reaction products by the conventional soaking method, mutarotation of an anomeric carbon in the reaction products promptly and certainly occurs. This undesirable structural alteration hinders visualization of the second step in the reaction. Here, we investigated X-ray crystallographic visualization as a possible method for visualizing the conformational itinerary of a retaining xylanase from Streptomyces olivaceoviridis E-86. To clearly define the stereochemistry at the anomeric carbon during the deglycosylation step, extraneous nucleophiles, such as azide, were adopted to substitute for the missing base catalyst in an appropriate mutant. The X-ray crystallographic visualization provided snapshots of the components of the entire reaction, including the E•S complex, the covalent intermediate, breakdown of the intermediate and the enzyme–product (E•P)complex.

 
 
 
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