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Articles by S Hayashi
Total Records ( 2 ) for S Hayashi
  K Hasehira , S. i Nakakita , N Miyanishi , W Sumiyoshi , S Hayashi , K Takegawa and J. Hirabayashi
 

Rare sugars are defined as monosaccharides with extremely low natural abundances. Their natural distributions and biological functions remain to be clarified. To establish a robust analytical system that can separate, identify and quantify rare sugars, 12 d-hexoses—including five rare aldohexoses and three rare ketohexoses—were labelled with 2-aminobenzamide (2-AB), and the fluorescently tagged monosaccharides were separated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Because the ketohexoses were much less reactive than were the aldohexoses, the reaction conditions were optimized to achieve the maximum yields (>75%) for both aldohexoses and ketohexoses. The calibration curve determined for the rare ketohexose, d-psicose (Psi), was linear between 1 pmol and 1 µmol and had a correlation coefficient of 0.9999. Using the developed method, the psicose content in a leaf of Itea virginica, in which the presence of psicose has previously been reported, was found to be 2.7 mg psicose/g leaf. The result proved feasibility of the method even for natural products. Because the system is a comprehensive tool, it should help answer questions concerning the biosyntheses and functions of rare hexose sugars.

  T Matsumoto , M Ii , H Nishimura , T Shoji , Y Mifune , A Kawamoto , R Kuroda , T Fukui , Y Kawakami , T Kuroda , S. M Kwon , H Iwasaki , M Horii , A Yokoyama , A Oyamada , S. Y Lee , S Hayashi , M Kurosaka , S Takaki and T. Asahara
 

The therapeutic potential of hematopoietic stem cells/endothelial progenitor cells (HSCs/EPCs) for fracture healing has been demonstrated with evidence for enhanced vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and osteogenesis at the site of fracture. The adaptor protein Lnk has recently been identified as an essential inhibitor of stem cell factor (SCF)–cKit signaling during stem cell self-renewal, and Lnk-deficient mice demonstrate enhanced hematopoietic reconstitution. In this study, we investigated whether the loss of Lnk signaling enhances the regenerative response during fracture healing. Radiological and histological examination showed accelerated fracture healing and remodeling in Lnk-deficient mice compared with wild-type mice. Molecular, physiological, and morphological approaches showed that vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and osteogenesis were promoted in Lnk-deficient mice by the mobilization and recruitment of HSCs/EPCs via activation of the SCF–cKit signaling pathway in the perifracture zone, which established a favorable environment for bone healing and remodeling. In addition, osteoblasts (OBs) from Lnk-deficient mice had a greater potential for terminal differentiation in response to SCF–cKit signaling in vitro. These findings suggest that inhibition of Lnk may have therapeutic potential by promoting an environment conducive to vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and osteogenesis and by facilitating OB terminal differentiation, leading to enhanced fracture healing.

 
 
 
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