Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by S Gielen
Total Records ( 2 ) for S Gielen
  D Teupser , R Baber , U Ceglarek , M Scholz , T Illig , C Gieger , L. M Holdt , A Leichtle , K. H Greiser , D Huster , P Linsel Nitschke , A Schafer , P. S Braund , L Tiret , K Stark , D Raaz Schrauder , G. M Fiedler , W Wilfert , F Beutner , S Gielen , A Grosshennig , I. R Konig , P Lichtner , I. M Heid , A Kluttig , N. E El Mokhtari , D Rubin , A. B Ekici , A Reis , C. D Garlichs , A. S Hall , G Matthes , C Wittekind , C Hengstenberg , F Cambien , S Schreiber , K Werdan , T Meitinger , M Loeffler , N. J Samani , J Erdmann , H. E Wichmann , H Schunkert and J. Thiery
  Background—

Phytosterols are plant-derived sterols that are taken up from food and can serve as biomarkers of cholesterol uptake. Serum levels are under tight genetic control. We used a genomic approach to study the molecular regulation of serum phytosterol levels and potential links to coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods and Results—

A genome-wide association study for serum phytosterols (campesterol, sitosterol, brassicasterol) was conducted in a population-based sample from KORA (Cooperative Research in the Region of Augsburg) (n=1495) with subsequent replication in 2 additional samples (n=1157 and n=1760). Replicated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested for association with premature CAD in a metaanalysis of 11 different samples comprising 13 764 CAD cases and 13 630 healthy controls. Genetic variants in the ATP-binding hemitransporter ABCG8 and at the blood group ABO locus were significantly associated with serum phytosterols. Effects in ABCG8 were independently related to SNPs rs4245791 and rs41360247 (combined P=1.6x10–50 and 6.2x10–25, respectively; n=4412). Serum campesterol was elevated 12% for each rs4245791 T-allele. The same allele was associated with 40% decreased hepatic ABCG8 mRNA expression (P=0.009). Effects at the ABO locus were related to SNP rs657152 (combined P=9.4x10–13). Alleles of ABCG8 and ABO associated with elevated phytosterol levels displayed significant associations with increased CAD risk (rs4245791 odds ratio, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.06 to 1.14; P=2.2x10–6; rs657152 odds ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.19; P=9.4x10–6), whereas alleles at ABCG8 associated with reduced phytosterol levels were associated with reduced CAD risk (rs41360247 odds ratio, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.78 to 0.91; P=1.3x10–5).

Conclusion—

Common variants in ABCG8 and ABO are strongly associated with serum phytosterol levels and show concordant and previously unknown associations with CAD.

  S Erbs , R Hollriegel , A Linke , E. B Beck , V Adams , S Gielen , S Mobius Winkler , M Sandri , N Krankel , R Hambrecht and G. Schuler
  Background—

Attenuated peripheral perfusion in patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF) is partially the result of endothelial dysfunction. This has been causally linked to an impaired endogenous regenerative capacity of circulating progenitor cells (CPC). The aim of this study was to elucidate whether exercise training (ET) affects exercise intolerance and left ventricular (LV) performance in patients with advanced CHF (New York Heart Association class IIIb) and whether this is associated with correction of peripheral vasomotion and induction of endogenous regeneration.

Methods and Results—

Thirty-seven patients with CHF (LV ejection fraction 24±2%) were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of ET or sedentary lifestyle (control). At the beginning of the study and after 12 weeks, maximal oxygen consumption (Vo2max) and LV ejection fraction were determined; the number of CD34+/KDR+ CPCs was quantified by flow cytometry and CPC functional capacity was determined by migration assay. Flow-mediated dilation was assessed by ultrasound. Capillary density was measured in skeletal muscle tissue samples. In advanced CHF, ET improved Vo2max by +2.7±2.2 versus –0.8±3.1 mL/min/kg in control (P=0.009) and LV ejection fraction by +9.4±6.1 versus –0.8±5.2% in control (P<0.001). Flow-mediated dilation improved by +7.43±2.28 versus +0.09±2.18% in control (P<0.001). ET increased the number of CPC by +83±60 versus –6±109 cells/mL in control (P=0.014) and their migratory capacity by +224±263 versus –12±159 CPC/1000 plated CPC in control (P=0.03). Skeletal muscle capillary density increased by +0.22±0.10 versus –0.02±0.16 capillaries per fiber in control (P<0.001).

Conclusions—

Twelve weeks of ET in patients with advanced CHF is associated with augmented regenerative capacity of CPCs, enhanced flow-mediated dilation suggestive of improvement in endothelial function, skeletal muscle neovascularization, and improved LV function.

Clinical Trial Registration—

http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique Identifier: NCT00176384.

 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility