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Articles by S Dimmeler
Total Records ( 2 ) for S Dimmeler
  U Fischer Rasokat , B Assmus , F. H Seeger , J Honold , D Leistner , S Fichtlscherer , V Schachinger , T Tonn , H Martin , S Dimmeler and A. M. Zeiher

Background— Intracoronary administration of bone marrow–derived progenitor cells (BMC) was shown to improve coronary microvascular function in ischemic heart disease. Because coronary microvascular dysfunction is implicated in the pathogenesis and prognosis of nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), we investigated the effects of intracoronary BMC administration in patients with DCM.

Methods and Results— Intracoronary infusion of BMC was performed in 33 patients with DCM by using an over-the-wire balloon catheter. Left ventricular contractility at baseline and after 3 months was assessed by analysis of left ventricular angiograms. Coronary hemodynamics were determined by intracoronary Doppler wire measurements. After 3 months, regional wall motion of the target area (contractility from –1.08±0.39 to –0.97±0.47 SD/chord, P=0.029) and global left ventricular ejection fraction (from 30.2±10.9 to 33.4±11.5%, P<0.001) were improved. Increase of regional contractile function was directly related to the functionality of the infused cells as measured by their colony-forming capacity. Minimal vascular resistance index was significantly reduced in the BMC-treated vessel after 3 months (from 1.53±0.63 to 1.32±0.61 mm Hg · s/cm; P=0.002, n=24), whereas no changes were observed in the reference vessel (from 1.60±0.45 to 1.49±0.45 mm Hg · s/cm; P=0.133, n=13). Twelve months after BMC infusion, N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) serum levels were decreased, suggesting a beneficial effect on left ventricular remodeling processes (from 1610±993 to 1473±1147 pg/mL; P=0.038 for logNT-proBNP, n=26).

Conclusions— Intracoronary administration of BMC seems to be associated with improvements in cardiac contractile and microvascular function in patients with DCM. Thus, randomized blinded studies are warranted to evaluate potential clinical benefits of intracoronary BMC administration in patients with DCM.

  B Assmus , A Rolf , S Erbs , A Elsasser , W Haberbosch , R Hambrecht , H Tillmanns , J Yu , R Corti , D. G Mathey , C. W Hamm , T Suselbeck , T Tonn , S Dimmeler , T Dill , A. M Zeiher , V Schachinger and for the REPAIR AMI Investigators

Background— The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome 2 years after intracoronary administration of autologous progenitor cells in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Methods and Results— Using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial design, we randomized 204 patients with successfully reperfused AMI to receive intracoronary infusion of bone marrow–derived progenitor cells (BMC) or placebo medium into the infarct artery 3 to 7 days after successful infarct reperfusion therapy. At 2 years, the cumulative end point of death, myocardial infarction, or necessity for revascularization was significantly reduced in the BMC group compared with placebo (hazard ratio, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.36 to 0.94; P=0.025). Likewise, the combined end point death and recurrence of myocardial infarction and rehospitalization for heart failure, reflecting progression toward heart failure, was significantly reduced in the BMC group (hazard ratio, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.085 to 0.77; P=0.015). Intracoronary administration of BMC remained a significant predictor of a favorable clinical outcome by Cox regression analysis when adjusted for classical predictors of poor outcome after AMI. There was no evidence of increased restenosis or atherosclerotic disease progression after BMC therapy nor any evidence of increased ventricular arrhythmias or neoplasms. In addition, regional left ventricular contractility of infarcted segments, as assessed by MRI in a subgroup of patients at 2-year follow-up, was significantly higher in the BMC group compared with the placebo group (P<0.001).

Conclusions— Intracoronary administration of BMC is associated with a significant reduction of the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events maintained for 2 years after AMI. Moreover, functional improvements after BMC therapy may persist for at least 2 years. Larger studies focusing on clinical event rates are warranted to confirm the effects of BMC administration on mortality and progression of heart failure in patients with AMIs.

Clinical Trial Registration— Identifier: NCT00279175.

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