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Articles by S David
Total Records ( 4 ) for S David
  H Ghanbari , G Dalloul , R Hasan , M Daccarett , S Saba , S David and C. Machado
 

Background  Numerous clinical trials have established a role for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in the prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure. However, questions remain that regard the clinical benefit of these therapies in different patient subgroups. Specifically, the role of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in women with heart failure for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death has not been well established. Our objective is to determine whether implantable cardioverter-defibrillators reduce mortality in women with advanced heart failure.

Methods  We searched MEDLINE (1950-2008), EMBASE (1988-2008, week 24), the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (third quarter, 2008), the National Institute of Health ClinicalTrials.gov database, the Food and Drug Administration Web site, and various reports presented at scientific meetings (1994-2007). Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials of implantable cardioverter/defibrillators for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure that reported all-cause mortality as an outcome for the female population. Of the 2619 reports identified, 5 trials that enroll 934 women were included in the meta-analysis.

Results  Pooled data from the 5 trials revealed no statistically significant decrease in all-cause mortality in women with heart failure who receive implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (hazard ratio, 1.01; 95% confidence interval, 0.76-1.33).

Conclusions  Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in women does not reduce all-cause mortality. Further studies are needed to investigate the reasons for this ob servation and to define the population of women who may benefit most from implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy.

  P Ruggenenti , A Perna , M Tonelli , G Loriga , N Motterlini , N Rubis , F Ledda , S Rota , A Satta , A Granata , G Battaglia , F Cambareri , S David , F Gaspari , N Stucchi , S Carminati , B Ene Iordache , P Cravedi , G Remuzzi and for the ESPLANADE Study Group
 

Background and objectives: This open, prospective, randomized trial aimed to assess the effects of statins in chronic kidney disease patients on optimized antiproteinuric treatment with combined angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition and angiotensin receptor blockade.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: After 1-month benazepril therapy followed by 1-month benazepril-valsartan combined therapy (run-in), 186 consenting patients with residual proteinuria >0.5 g/24 h were randomized to 6-month benazepril-valsartan therapy alone or combined with fluvastatin. Between-groups changes in proteinuria (primary outcome), serum lipids, and GFR were compared by ANCOVA. Analyses were blinded and by intention to treat.

Results: During the run-in, proteinuria decreased more on benazepril-valsartan than on benazepril alone. Proteinuria reduction correlated with concomitant reduction in total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein A levels. After randomization, median proteinuria similarly decreased from 1.2 (0.6 to 2.2) to 1.1 (0.5 to 1.7) g/24 h on fluvastatin and from 1.5 (0.8 to 2.7) to 1.0 (0.5 to 2.4) g/24 h on benazapril-valsartan therapy alone. Fluvastatin further reduced total and LDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B versus benazepril-valsartan alone, but did not affect serum triglycerides and GFR. Treatment was well tolerated.

Conclusions: In chronic kidney disease patients with residual proteinuria despite combined angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blockade therapy, add-on fluvastatin does not affect urinary proteins, but further reduces serum lipids and is safe. Whether combined angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, angiotensin receptor blockade, and statin therapy may improve cardiovascular outcomes in this high-risk population is worth investigating.

  P Kumpers , J Hellpap , S David , R Horn , H Leitolf , H Haller and M. Haubitz
 

Background. The endothelial-specific angiopoietin (Ang)-Tie ligand–receptor system has been identified as a non-redundant regulator of endothelial cell detachment in vitro. Binding of circulating angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) to the Tie2 receptor antagonizes Tie2 signalling and leads to disassembly of cell–cell junctions. Here, we ask whether circulating Ang-2 correlates with the severity of endothelial damage in ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) with renal involvement.

Methods. Ang-2 was measured in sera obtained from 45 patients with AAV and 20 healthy controls by in-house ELISA. The disease activity was monitored by BVAS and the enumeration of circulating endothelial cells (CECs).

Results. Ang-2 was significantly elevated in active AAV with renal involvement compared to controls and patients in remission. In contrast, Ang-2 was normal in patients with active granulomatous disease limited to the respiratory tract. Linear regression analysis demonstrated a strong association of Ang-2 with BVAS (rs2 = 0.49 P < 0.0001) and the number of CECs (rs2 = 0.48 P < 0.001). An Ang-2 cut-off value >4.15 ng/ml for a positive result yielded 100% specificity and 65% sensitivity for active systemic vasculitis. The positive predictive value was 99% and the negative predictive value 84%.

Conclusions. Circulating Ang-2 is elevated and closely correlates with BVAS and CEC numbers in AAV with renal involvement. These data indicate that Ang-2 might be a potential mediator of endothelial cell detachment in AAV.

  S David , P Kumpers , G. M Eisenbach , H Haller and J. T. Kielstein
 

Introduction. Under physiological conditions kidneys work continuously, 168 h/week. In contrast, patients with end-stage renal disease are usually dialyzed only 12–15 h/ week. This unphysiological dialysis dose, even if considered adequate by current Kt/V-based dose estimates, is just capable to maintain the alterations of multiple metabolic parameters at a level that permits an unacceptable annual mortality rate of 10–20%, mainly due to cardiovascular events, protein energy wasting and infections.

Patients and Methods. Thirteen haemodialysis patients were converted from conventional (3 x 4 h/week) to an intensified nocturnal (3 x 8 h/week) dialysis and were longitudinally followed up for 12 months. Different parameters were evaluated before treatment conversion and quarterly during the follow-up period [i.e. dialysis efficacy (eKt/V), mean arterial pressure (MAP), antihypertensive drug score, extra-cellular volume (ECV), haemoglobin, transferrin saturation, ferritin, dose of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA), iron requirement, parameters of nutrition (body weight (BW), albumin, protein, normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)), C-reactive protein, calcium–phosphate product, alkaline phosphatase (AP), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and amount of phosphate-binding pharmacotherapy].

Results. The calculated dialysis efficacy rose after switching the treatment mode (eKt/V 1.87 versus 2.7, P < 0.0001). Further, a significantly decreased MAP in the pre- (100 versus 89 mmHg) and postdialytic period (97 versus 83 mmHg), and a decreased ECV (13.8 versus 13.2 L; P = 0.03) even though antihypertensive pharmacotherapy could be substantially reduced (P < 0.0001), was found. Concomitant with a reduction of ESA (66.5 versus 45.2 IU/ kg/week; P = 0.006), the haemoglobin level rose significantly (11.4 versus 12.5 g/dL, P = 0.01). Nutritional status assessed by BW (70.9 ± 20.2 versus 72.1 ± 19.8 kg, P = 0.02), nPCR (1.39 versus 2.25 g/kg/day, P = 0.02) and BIA (phase angle: 6.2 versus 6.9°, P < 0.001) improved. The calcium–phosphate product slightly declined, without changes in the dose of any phosphate binders. Surprisingly, iPTH of those patients with intact parathyroid glands (n = 7) increased ~3-fold (27.9 versus 59.35 pmol/L, P = 0.009), while the AP was found stable.

Conclusion. This study demonstrates improvements in numerous dialysis-associated metabolic variables after intensification of HD time. Of note, an increase of iPTH was detected in those patients with intact parathyroid glands.

 
 
 
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