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Articles by Ruijie Zhang
Total Records ( 2 ) for Ruijie Zhang
  Ruijie Zhang , Gan Zhang , Jianhui Tang , Weihai Xu , Jun Li , Xiang Liu , Yongde Zou , Xiaoxiang Chen and Xiangdong Li
  Eleven selected antibiotics in the East River, South China, were measured using high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-EI-MS-MS). Erythromycin, roxitromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, sulfadimidine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfadiazine and trimethoprim were detected with frequencies of more than 75%, and average concentrations ranging from 0.9 to 67.4 ng l−1. The other three compoundsí (sulfathiazole, sulfacetamide and spiramycin) concentrations were below detection limits. In general, the concentrations of sulfonamides and trimethoprim were higher than those of macrolides. The concentrations of macrolides showed a spatial distribution pattern of delta > lower reach > middle reach (or urban area > agriculture area), while sulfonamides and trimethoprim did not have a significant spatial pattern. Principal component analysis and comparison with wastewater were further used to explore source information of the antibiotics. The results suggested that macrolides in the East River were mainly associated with domestic sewage, while sulfonamides and trimethoprim may be more related to agriculture wastewater, especially livestock industrial wastewater. It is suggested that to ensure/improve the drinking water quality in the region, a better pollution control of livestock industry in the lower and middle reaches is of critical importance.
  Chuanguang Qin , Yang Li , Ruijie Zhang , Weining Niu and Yan Ding
  Anthocyanin pigments in the fruit of mockstrawberry (Duchesnea indica Focke), were extracted with 0.1% HCl in ethanol, and the crude anthocyanin extract was purified by a C18 Sep-Pak cartridge open-column chromatography. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array detection and mass spectrometry (MS) was applied for the isolation and composition analysis of anthocyanins in the fruit of mockstrawberry and their aglycones from acid hydrolysis. Three anthocyanins were found in the fruit of mockstrawberry and they were identified as cyanidin 3-O-rutinoside (61%), peonidin 3-O-rutinoside (34%), and petunidin 3-O-rutinoside (5%), respectively, by spectroscopic methods (UV-vis and MS). The two major anthocyanins were isolated by preparative HPLC, and their chemical structures were further characterised by H1 NMR. On the basis of chromatographic data, the total anthocyanin content was 205 mg g-1 of the fresh fruit of mockstrawberry.
 
 
 
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