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Articles by Rubina Hakeem
Total Records ( 2 ) for Rubina Hakeem
  Rubina Hakeem , A.H. Shaikh and Musarrat Ziaee
  The present study was conducted to explore socioeconomic differences in the quality of diets and dietary trends in families living in Karachi. A total of 120 housewives (forty each from low, middle and high-income groups) were interviewed for this purpose. Quality of the diets was assessed by the representation of various food groups in the family`s diet. In low income group only 3% of families whereas 68 and 58% families from the high income group had all the crucial food groups (meat/pulses, milk and vegetable/fruit) represented in the family`s diet. Foods from fruit, meat and milk were most often missing from the daily diet groups. According to the mean number of food items for which change in consumption was reported the change did not appear to be extensive but socioeconomic difference in this regard was noticeable. Socioeconomic differences were noted also in the reasons for the dietary change. The most often mentioned factor considered to be responsible for the dietary change was `cost` by low income families and health by middle and high-income families.
  Naeema Badruddin , Abdul Basit , M.Zafar Iqbal Hydrie and Rubina Hakeem
  All patients if given proper guidance and education regarding diabetes care would be able to make significant improvement in their life-style which is helpful for good glycemic control. Education to diabetic patients would be more effective if we know the level of knowledge, attitude and practices of our patients. Thus a study was conducted to assess the general characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practices of type 2 diabetic patients attending the Out-Patient Department (OPD) of Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology (Karachi, Pakistan). Fifty-seven percent of the patients were overweight or obese. Only 10.7% had good glycemic control. Sixty seven percent did not do exercise of any kind. The overall awareness about the risk of complications was satisfactory but the misconceptions regarding diet, insulin and diabetes were quite common. This study highlights the need for better health information to the patient through large scale awareness programmes so as to change the attitude of our public regarding diabetes.
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