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Articles by Rong Zhang
Total Records ( 4 ) for Rong Zhang
  Jia Chang Cai , Hong Wei Zhou , Rong Zhang and Gong-Xiang Chen
  Twenty-one Serratia marcescens, ten Klebsiella pneumoniae, and one Escherichia coli isolate with carbapenem resistance or reduced carbapenem susceptibility were recovered from intensive care units (ICUs) in our hospital. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-PCR and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis demonstrated that all the S. marcescens isolates belonged to a clonal strain and the 10 K. pneumoniae isolates were indistinguishable or closely related to each other. The MICs of imipenem, meropenem, and ertapenem for all isolates were 2 to 8 µg/ml, except for K. pneumoniae K10 (MICs of 128, 256, and >256 µg/ml). Isoelectric focusing, PCRs, and DNA sequencing indicated that all S. marcescens isolates produced KPC-2 and a β-lactamase with a pI of 6.5. All K. pneumoniae isolates produced TEM-1, KPC-2, CTX-M-14, and a β-lactamase with a pI of 7.3. The E. coli E1 isolate produced KPC-2, CTX-M-15, and a β-lactamase with a pI of 7.3. Conjugation studies with E. coli (EC600) resulted in the transfer of reduced carbapenem susceptibility compared to that of the original isolates, and only the blaKPC-2 gene was detected in E. coli transconjugants. Plasmid restriction analysis showed identical restriction patterns among all E. coli transconjugants. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and ompK35/36 gene sequence analysis of outer membrane proteins revealed that K. pneumoniae K10 failed to express OmpK36, because of insertional inactivation by an insertion sequence ISEcp1. All these results indicate that KPC-2-producing S. marcescens, K. pneumoniae, and E. coli isolates emerged in ICUs in our hospital. KPC-2 combined with porin deficiency results in high-level carbapenem resistance in K. pneumoniae. The same blaKPC-2-encoding plasmid was spread among the three different genera.
  Rong Zhang , Sifeng Liu and Bin Liu
  Based on multi-grade dominance relations, this study develops a new multi-criterion decision model, which can avoid losing information when decision table is changed into PCT and obtain complete ranking of alternatives. The model introduces PROMETHEE II into dominance-based rough set theory and with different preference grades for different criterions, describes binary preference relations of two objects. Meanwhile, the model resolves the problem of some alternatives having the same net flow value, which is a common problem when rough set method is applied to MCDA. Finally, an example illustrates the model is scientific and validity.
  Jie Teng , Rong Zhang , Yan-Wen Zhang , Hong-Quan Duan and Yoshihisa Takaishi
  A new labdanic norditerpene and six known labdanic diterpenes were isolated from the petroleum ether extract of the needles of Pinus sylvestris. By spectroscopic methods, the isolated compounds were determined as 15-norpinifolic acid (1), pinifolic acid (2), 4-eplimbricataloic acid (3), monomethyl pinifolate (4), 18α-acetoxylabd-8(17)-en-15-oic acid (5), 2-pentenoic acid (6) and 3β-hydroxy-8(17),E-13-labdadien-15-oic acid (7), respectively. Compound 1 showed significant anti-tumour activity.
  Hongnan Kan , Chan- Hee Kim , Hyun -Mi Kwon , Ji- Won Park , Kyung- Baeg Roh , Hanna Lee , Bum- Joon Park , Rong Zhang , Jinghai Zhang , Kenneth Soderhall and Bok Luel Lee
  The melanization reaction induced by activated phenoloxidase in arthropods must be tightly controlled because of excessive formation of quinones and excessive systemic melanization damage to the hosts. However, the molecular mechanism by which phenoloxidase-induced melanin synthesis is regulated in vivo is largely unknown. It is known that the Spätzle-processing enzyme is a key enzyme in the production of cleaved Spätzle from pro-Spätzle in the Drosophila Toll pathway. Here, we provide biochemical evidence that the Tenebrio molitor Spätzle-processing enzyme converts both the 79-kDa Tenebrio prophenoloxidase and Tenebrio clip-domain SPH1 zymogen to an active melanization complex. This complex, consisting of the 76-kDa Tenebrio phenoloxidase and an active form of Tenebrio clip-domain SPH1, efficiently produces melanin on the surface of bacteria, and this activity has a strong bactericidal effect. Interestingly, we found the phenoloxidase-induced melanization reaction to be tightly regulated by Tenebrio prophenoloxidase, which functions as a competitive inhibitor of melanization complex formation. These results demonstrate that the Tenebrio Toll pathway and the melanization reaction share a common serine protease for the regulation of these two major innate immune responses.
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