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Articles by Roger Lawrence
Total Records ( 2 ) for Roger Lawrence
  Srinivas R. Pallerla , Roger Lawrence , Lars Lewejohann , Yi Pan , Tobias Fischer , Uwe Schlomann , Xin Zhang , Jeffrey D. Esko and Kay Grobe
  We report the generation and analysis of mutant mice bearing a targeted disruption of the heparan sulfate (HS)-modifying enzyme GlcNAc N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase 3 (NDST3). NDST3-/- mice develop normally, are fertile, and show only subtle hematological and behavioral abnormalities in agreement with only moderate HS undersulfation. Compound mutant mice made deficient in NDST2;NDST3 activities also develop normally, showing that both isoforms are not essential for development. In contrast, NDST1-/-;NDST3-/- compound mutant embryos display developmental defects caused by severe HS undersulfation, demonstrating NDST3 contribution to HS synthesis in the absence of NDST1. Moreover, analysis of HS composition in dissected NDST3 mutant adult brain revealed regional changes in HS sulfation, indicating restricted NDST3 activity on nascent HS in defined wild-type tissues. Taken together, we show that NDST3 function is not essential for development or adult homeostasis despite contributing to HS synthesis in a region-specific manner and that the loss of NDST3 function is compensated for by the other NDST isoforms to a varying degree.

  Roger Lawrence , Sara K. Olson , Robert E. Steele , Lianchun Wang , Rahul Warrior , Richard D. Cummings and Jeffrey D. Esko
  To facilitate qualitative and quantitative analysis of glycosaminoglycans, we tagged the reducing end of lyase-generated disaccharides with aniline-containing stable isotopes (12C6 and 13C6). Because different isotope tags have no effect on chromatographic retention times but can be discriminated by a mass detector, differentially isotope-tagged samples can be compared simultaneously by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and quantified by admixture with known amounts of standards. The technique is adaptable to all types of glycosaminoglycans, and its sensitivity is only limited by the type of mass spectrometer available. We validated the method using commercial heparin and keratan sulfate as well as heparan sulfate isolated from mutant and wild-type Chinese hamster ovary cells, and select tissues from mutant and wild-type mice. This new method provides more robust, reliable, and sensitive means of quantitative evaluation of glycosaminoglycan disaccharide compositions than existing techniques allowing us to compare the chondroitin and heparan sulfate compositions of Hydra vulgaris, Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans, and mammalian cells. Our results demonstrate significant differences in glycosaminoglycan structure among these organisms that might represent evolutionarily distinct functional motifs.
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