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Articles by Rimbawan
Total Records ( 4 ) for Rimbawan
  Betty Yosephin , Ali Khomsan , Dodik Briawan and Rimbawan
  Obesity lead to serious health consequences. Risk increases progressively as BMI increases to contributes an increased risk for chronic disease, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer. The prevalence of obesity has increased in Indonesia. The cross sectional study was applied to 47 obese group and 97 normal weight women worker. We compared the lipid profiles and blood pressure of obese worker women (n = 47, mean age 38.89) to those with a normal weight (n = 97, mean age 37.09). The average body mass index was 30.13 kg/m2 in the obese and 22.99 kg/m2 in the normal group. Ratio LDL-cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol in obese group 2.62 ±1.03 higher than normal group 1.87±0.61. The obese group had significantly higher levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, lower levels of HDL-cholesterol and higher blood pressure compared to the normal group. Obesity in worker women is associated with disturbances in lipid metabolism and a greater risk for cardiovascular disease.
  Putu Ari Agus Pawartha , Rimbawan , Ikeu Tanziha , Wiwin Winarsih and Sri Usmiati
  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of encapsulated Lactobacillus casei probiotics isolated from dadih (West Sumatra traditional yoghurt) against diarrhea caused by Escherichia coli. Total 30 male Sprague-dawley rats were divided into five groups (1) normal control rats, (2) infected rats, (3) normal rats with encapsulated probiotics, (4) infected rats with encapsulated probiotics, (5) infected rats with encapsulated probiotics given simultaneously. Rats were fed with standard diet and aquades ad libitum. Infected rats were challenged by E. coli (108 cfu/ml) for 7 days daily orally and then administered by 109 cfu/g probiotics for the next 7 days. On day 0, 3 and 7, total of fecal lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and E. coli were evaluated. Feed intake, weight gain and food conversion efficiency (FCE) were also evaluated. At the end of treatment rats were sacrificed to observed goblet cells count obtained from ileum. It was observed that encapsulated Lactobacillus casei could increase FCE and total LAB. Encapsulated Lactobacillus casei also could reduce E. coli population and reduce total goblet cells on infected rats. Encapsulated Lactobacillus casei has potential effect as probiotics against E. coli on rats even it is not statistically different.
  Eliza , Sri Anna Marliyati , Rimbawan and Adi Teruna Effendi
  The objectives of this study were to: analyze socio-economic characteristics; analyze nutritional status; analyze antioxidant (vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium) and fiber intakes; analyze physical activity; and analyze the association between nutritional status, antioxidant and fiber intakes, as well as physical activity with blood lipid profile in coronary heart disease patients. The design of this study was cross-sectional. The research site was Pusri Medika Hospital in Palembang. The results showed that there were significant associations between age and total cholesterol levels (OR = 3.333; 95% CI: 1.050-10.586), physical activity and total cholesterol levels (OR = 3.300; 95% CI: 1.022-10.654), vitamin E intake and total cholesterol levels (OR = 3.929: 95% CI: 1.185-13.021), fiber intake and total cholesterol levels (OR = 4.875; 95% CI: 1.483-16.023), BMI and LDL-C levels (OR = 4.286; 95% CI: 0.933-19.678), as well as body fat percentage and triglyceride levels (OR = 4.583; 95% CI: 1.298-16.182).h
  Deni Elnovriza , Hadi Riyadi , Rimbawan , Evy Damayanthi and Adi Winarto
  Background and Objectives: Bilih fish is a potential local food of West Sumatera, Indonesia and it is high in zinc. Fish flour, including that of Bilih fish, is a processed fish product that has not been primarily utilized for food. The levels of zinc in fish flour range from 12.83-22.92 mg. Hence, Bilih fish flour can serve as an alternative food source of zinc for people with diabetes mellitus, who usually exhibit low serum levels of zinc. This study aimed to analyze the effect of Bilih fish flour on the levels of blood glucose, MDA and SOD in diabetic rat models. Materials and Methods: This study used a Randomized Complete Design (RCD). Twenty-four white male rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain were placed into the following four groups: Normal and diabetic rats that were fed either the standard feed or Bilih fish flour with a zinc dose of 27 mg kg1 of feed and 13.5 mg kg1 of feed. A single dose of Streptozotocin (STZ) (40 mg kg1) was used to induce diabetes in the rats. The intervention lasted for 14 days. The data obtained were subjected to Wilcoxon analysis to compare the blood glucose levels before and after the intervention. The differences in MDA and SOD levels between groups were determined with one-way ANOVA followed by Duncan's new multiple range test. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The intervention with Bilih fish flour resulted in a decrease in blood glucose levels. Intervention with Bilih fish flour with a dose of zinc of 0.54 mg lowered blood glucose as much as 38.95% and a dose of zinc of 0.27 mg lowered blood glucose as much as 32.45%, which was a significant decrease (p<0.05). The levels of MDA in rats that received intervention with Bilih were 9.87±2.88 μmol L1 for the D-P1 group and 11.88±10.5 μmol L1 for the D-P2 group, which were both lower compared to the control diabetic rats (D) (14.35±6.4 μmol L1). The levels of SOD in rats that received intervention with Bilih with the high zinc content were higher compared to the diabetic rats with standard feed but this increase was not significant (p>0.05). Conclusion: Bilih fish flour with a high zinc content lowered blood sugar levels but did not decrease the oxidative stress levels based on MDA and SOD levels in a diabetic rat model. MDA was not decreased and SOD was not increased significantly compared to diabetic controls.
 
 
 
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