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Articles by Ridwan Amiruddin
Total Records ( 2 ) for Ridwan Amiruddin
  Azniah Syam , Muhammad Syafar , Ridwan Amiruddin , Muzakkir , Darwis , Sri Darmawan , Sri Wahyuni and Anwar Mallongi
  Background and Objective: Early breastfeeding initiation in the 1st h after delivery seems unsuccessful. This study aimed to analyze the impact of socio-demographic, knowledge and social support factors toward the failure of early breastfeeding initiation. Materials and Methods: An observational prospective approach was used with 238 selected purposively pregnant women who were followed through delivery in South Sulawesi province. Field data were collected from April-December, 2015. Results: The study results showed that marital age (OR:1.88, 95% CI:1.07-3.31), place of delivery (OR:1.81, 95% CI:0.99-3.29) and midwife social support (OR:2.74, 95%:CI:1.62-4.66) were significant predictors of early breastfeeding initiation, whereas mother’s knowledge was not a significant predictive factor. Home birth was found to be significantly different from hospital birth. Conclusion: To make early breastfeeding initiation successful, it is necessary to combine good practices among an educated midwife, family and traditional birth attendant.
  Noer Bahry Noor , Ridwan Amiruddin , Muhammad Awal , Sukri Palutturi and Anwar Mallongi
  Background and Objective: Stroke is an acute brain disorder caused by an interruption in cerebral blood circulation, which suddenly (within seconds) or rapidly (within a few hours) arises and impairs circulation in focal areas of the brain. Stroke is a major health problem in the world and it is the third leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer and is the cause of major disabilities. This study aims to develop a risk factor model of stroke incidence in South Sulawesi. Materials and Methods: This research applied an analytic observational method with a control case that is an epidemiologic research design for the study of exposure level relationships with various disease conditions or other health problems. The study includes a stroke case sample and a non-stroke control patient samples. Analyses were performed using an odds ratio and logistic regression with a value of p = 0.05 considered significant. Results: The results showed there was a significant relationship between stroke and hypertension, with OR = 4.06, 95% CI: 3.25-5.07 and there was a relationship between diabetes mellitus and stroke incidence. There was a relationship between smoking and the incidence of stroke, with OR = 1.60, 95% CI: 1.23-2.07. There was a relationship between heart disease and the incidence of stroke, with OR = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.42-2.32. However, there was no relationship between stress and stroke incidence, with p = 0.619 (p>0.05) and OR = 1.9, 95% CI: 1.48-2.64. The value of OR = 1.10 with 95% CI: 0.75-1.63. Conclusion: Hypertension is the most significant risk factor for stroke incidence compared to other risk factors but all of these risk factors can be lowered by lifestyle modification.
 
 
 
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