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Articles by Rehana Mushtaq
Total Records ( 3 ) for Rehana Mushtaq
  Rehana Mushtaq , Mushtaq Rubina and Zahida Khan Tasawar
  Four week controlled study was designed to observe the effect of 40 g of walnut in daily breakfast on Body Mass Index (BMI), total Cholesterol (CHO), Triglyceride (TG) High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in obese female subjects of various ethnics, i.e. Baloch (B), Pathan (P), Hazara (H) and Punjabi (PU) residing in Quetta region of Balochistan. A batch of 32 obese female subjects, 8 from each ethnic group as a control and another batch of 32 obese females 8 from each ethnic group as treated were selected. Twelve hour fasting blood samples a day after stoppage of walnut were taken from obese control and obese treated subjects. Daily walnut consumption demonstrated considerable drop in body weight in all ethnic groups residing in Quetta locality. Marked and statically significant reduction in total cholesterol was noticed in all ethnic groups i.e. 3.6% (p<0.05), 5.4% (p<0.001), 5.8% (p<0.01) and 7% (p<0.001) in B, P, H and PU groups respectively. Baloch subjects showed significant reduction of 7.8% in TG (p<0.001), similarly significant lowered TG was also observed in PU group. A significant increase (p<0.001), (p<0.05) in HDL cholesterol had been observed in B and P group respectively in walnut consuming subjects. In walnut consuming female subjects significant reduction (p<0.05), (p<0.01), (p<0.01) in LDL cholesterol levels was noted in B, P and PU subjects respectively. The positive influence of walnut on lipid profile suggests that walnut rich diet may have beneficial effects beyond changes in plasma lipid level.
  Rehana Mushtaq , Rubina Mushtaq and Zahida Tasawar Khan
  The effects of supplemented whole grain consumption for 4 weeks on Body Mass Index (BMI), total Cholesterol (CHO), Triglyceride (TG), High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL) and Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL) in obese female subjects of 4 major ethnic groups in Quetta, i.e., Pathan (P), Baloch (B), Hazara (H) and Punjabi (PU) were studied. Two groups each of 32 obese female subjects and comprising 8 subjects from each ethnic group were chosen from the volunteers on the selection criteria according to World Health Organization (1998). The subjects of the group taken as control used the conventionally available carbohydrates in meals and another batch referred as treated subjects consumed 50g cereals in breakfast and whole grain chapattis in lunch and dinner for 4 weeks. Twelve hours fasting blood sample was taken from control and whole grain treated obese subjects a day after the completion of experiment duration. Lower BMI had been observed in the subjects of all the ethnic groups compared to their respective control, however, significantly (p<0.01) only in PU group. Significantly lower concentration of total cholesterol in fiber consuming subjects of B (p<0.01) and PU (p<0.05) ethnic groups was demonstrated compare to their respective controls. Similarly Triglycerides (TG) concentrations were lesser in all ethnic groups but not significant statistically. Trend of greater concentration of HDL cholesterol and lower LDL cholesterol in the fiber taking subjects in all the ethnic groups was only significant (p<0.05) compare to their controls in P and PU groups, respectively.
  Rehana Mushtaq and Zahida Tasawar Khan
  The effect of exercise on BMI and plasma lipid profile has been investigated in hypertensive females of four ethnic groups of Baloch (B), Pathan (P), Hazara (H) and Punjabi (PU). A total of 32 females, i.e. 8 from each group as control and another batch of 32 females’ in similar distribution followed prescribed exercise protocol for ten weeks. After the trial fasting blood samples were collected from controlled group and exercised subjects. Exercise manifested significant decrement in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) in P, H and PU groups and of Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) in all the ethnic sub-populations. Marked and significant decrease of total cholesterol in all the ethnic groups was observed and the lowering of LDL cholesterol was also found in most except Pathan sub-population. Striking and significant rise of HDL of the exercising females was observed in all ethnic sub-populations. Triglyceride levels were considerably and significantly lowered in B, P, and H subjects. The beneficial effects of exercise on blood pressure and plasma lipids in female hypertensive subjects have been clearly demonstrated.
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