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Articles by R.M. Illias
Total Records ( 2 ) for R.M. Illias
  S.M. Akhir , S. Abd-Aziz , M.M. Salleh , R.A. Rahman , R.M. Illias and M.A. Hassan
  The optimization of fermentation medium for the production of chitinase by Bacillus licheniformis TH-1 was carried out using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) based on the two level factorial design. This procedure limited the number of actual experiments performed while allowing for possible interactions between 5 components. RSM was adopted to derive a statistical model for the effect of chitin, Yeast Extract (YE), peptone, NaNO3 and K2HPO4 on chitinase production. The p-value of the coefficient for linear effects of chitin, peptone and YE was 0.0001, suggesting that this was the principal experiment variable, having the greatest effect on the production of chitinase. The optimal combinations of media constituent for maximum chitinase production are determined as 10 g L-1 chitin, 0.5 g L-1 YE, 0.5 g L-1 peptone, 2.55 g L-1 NaNO3 and 1.55 g L-1 K2HPO4. The optimization of the fermentation medium resulted not only in a 5.4 fold increase of enzyme activity compared to unoptimized medium but also a reduced amount of the required medium constituents. The response surface analysis provided a useful tool for the optimization of a low cost enzyme producing medium for potential use on an industrial scale.
  P.K. Lo , C.Y. Tan , O. Hassan , A. Ahmad , N.M. Mahadi and R.M. Illias
  In the study presented, Design of Experiments (DOE) was combined with statistical analysis such as fractional factorial design and small central composite design Response Surface Methodology (RSM) to significantly increase the extracelullar recombinant CGTase yields in fermentation flasks. The new medium obtained by the statistical analysis for the significant medium components comprised of 12 g L-1 NZ Amine A, 24 g L-1 yeast extract, 9.44 g L-1 KH2PO4, 4.4 g L-1 K2HPO4, 4.58 mL L-1 glycerol, 7 mg L-1 sucrose and 3 mg L-1 CuCl2. Yields were improved about 68% from 9.54 to 16.07 kU mL-1 in flasks when using the optimized cultivation medium. The results suggest that the overexpression level of recombinant CGTase excreted into the culture medium using the recombinant Escherichia coli could be improved through medium optimization.
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