Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by R. Pacher
Total Records ( 2 ) for R. Pacher
  S Neuhold , M Huelsmann , G Strunk , J Struck , C Adlbrecht , G Gouya , M Elhenicky and R. Pacher
 

Background: Serial measurements of neurohormones have been shown to improve prognostication in the setting of acute heart failure (HF) or chronic HF without therapeutic intervention. We investigated the prognostic role of serial measurements of emerging neurohormones and BNP in a cohort of chronic HF patients undergoing increases in HF-specific therapy.

Methods: In this prospective study we included 181 patients with chronic systolic HF after an episode of hospitalization for worsening HF. Subsequently, HF therapy was gradually increased in the outpatient setting until optimized. We measured copeptin, midregional proadrenomedullin, C-terminal endothelin-1 precursor fragment, midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide, and B-type natriuretic peptide before and after optimization of HF therapy. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality at 24 months.

Results: Angiotensin-converting enzyme/angiotensin receptor blocker and β-blockers were increased significantly during the 3-month titration period (P < 0.0001 for both). In a stepwise Cox regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, glomerular filtration rate, diabetes mellitus, and ischemic HF, baseline and follow-up neurohormone concentrations were predictors of the primary endpoint as follows (baseline hazard ratios): copeptin 1.92, 95% CI 1.233–3.007, P = 0.004; midregional proadrenomedullin 2.79, 95% CI 1.297–5.995, P = 0.009; midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide 2.05, 95% CI 1.136–3.686, P = 0.017; C-terminal endothelin-1 precursor fragment 2.24, 95% CI 1.133–4.425, P = 0.025; B-type natriuretic peptide 1.46, 95% CI 1.039–2.050, P = 0.029.

Conclusions: In pharmacologically unstable chronic HF patients, baseline values and follow-up measures of copeptin, midregional proadrenomedullin, C-terminal endothelin-1 precursor fragment, midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide, and B-type natriuretic peptide were equally predictive of all-cause mortality. Relative change of neurohormone values was noncontributory.

  M. Resl , M. Clodi , S. Neuhold , H. Kromoser , M. Riedl , G. Vila , R. Prager , R. Pacher , G. Strunk , A. Luger and M. Hulsmann
  Background  Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular events and renal insufficiency. It correlates to intima-media thickness and microalbuminuria. In this study we evaluated uric acid as an independent marker for cardiac events in patients with diabetes.

Methods  In a prospective observational study we recruited 494 patients with diabetes. Patients were then followed for 12.8 months (mean follow-up) and hospitalizations as a result of cardiac events (ischaemic heart disease, arrhythmias, heart failure) were recorded.

Results  The median duration of diabetes was 11 ± 10.35 years. Patients were in the mean 60 ± 13 years old and mean HbA1c was 62 ± 13 mmol/mol (7.8 ± 3.3%). At baseline, mean uric acid was 321.2 ± 101.1 μmol/l (range 101.1-743.5 μmol/l), median N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide was 92 ± 412 pg/ml and median urinary albumin to creatinine ratio was 8 ± 361 mg/g; Uric acid significantly correlated to N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (r = 0.237, P < 0.001) and urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (r = 0.198, P < 0.001). In a Cox regression model, including age, estimated glomerular filtration rate, gender, systolic blood pressure, smoking and alcohol consumption, uric acid was the best predictor of cardiac events (hazard ratio 1.331, confidence interval 1.095-1.616, P = 0.04). However, uric acid lost its prognostic value when the natural logarithm of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide was added to the model.

Conclusion  Serum uric acid is a predictor of cardiac events and correlates to N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and albuminuria, underscoring the importance of uric acid as a cardiovascular risk marker in patients with diabetes.

 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility