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Articles by R. Colagiuri
Total Records ( 2 ) for R. Colagiuri
  C. A. Eigenmann , R. Colagiuri , T. C. Skinner and L. Trevena
  Aims  To critically appraise the suitability, validity, reliability, feasibility and sensitivity to change of available psychometric tools for measuring the education outcomes identified in the (Australian) National Consensus on Outcomes and Indicators for Diabetes Patient Education.

Methods  Potentially suitable psychometric measurement tools were identified through a two-step process. Step 1: a structured semi-systematic literature review and consultation with experts; step 2: development of inclusion criteria and a formal, purpose-designed, systematically derived Appraisal Checklist-from the literature and with expert psychometric advice-to critically appraise the identified tools for relevance, validity, reliability, responsiveness to change, burden, feasibility and acceptability.

Results  Searching medline, PubMed, PsycINFO and cinhal yielded 37 diabetes-specific and generic measurement tools. Eleven of these did not address the research questions, leaving 26 tools. Of these, 11 assessed indicators of psychological adjustment; seven assessed various domains of self-determination; five measured self-management behaviours, for example, foot care, blood glucose testing and lifestyle domains; and three measured diabetes knowledge und understanding, respectively. When the Appraisal Checklist was applied, only three tools met all criteria, namely the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale, the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) scale and the Appraisal of Diabetes Scale (ADS). However, a number of other suitable tools [i.e. the Diabetes Integration Scale (ATT19), the Diabetes Health Profile (DHP-1/18), the Self-Care Inventory-Revised (SCI-R), the Diabetes Management Self Efficacy Scale Australian/English version (DMSES-A/E), the Diabetes Empowerment Scale-Short Form (DES-SF)] met all except one criteria, that is, either no formal test-retest or no responsiveness to change data.

Conclusions  Although numerous tools were identified, few met rigorous psychometric appraisal criteria. Issues of suitability, adequate psychometric testing for the intended purpose, burden and feasibility need to be considered before adopting tools for measuring diabetes education outcomes.

  R. Colagiuri and C. A. Eigenmann
  Aim  To develop a national evidence and consensus position on the desired goals, outcomes and indicators of diabetes patient education (DPE).

Methods  A mixture of qualitative and quantitative methods were used including: (i) literature reviews to identify existing definitions, issues and work in the area; (ii) interviews with key opinion leaders; (iii) focus groups with people with diabetes; (iv) a national survey of diabetes education service providers; (v) a systematic consultation process culminating in a national stakeholder forum.

Results  Three overarching goals were identified as the main purpose of diabetes patient education: (i) optimal adjustment to living with diabetes, (ii) optimal health outcomes and (iii) optimal cost-effectiveness (for the individual and for society). Given the difficulty in attributing cause and effect between education and clinical or cost outcomes and that mechanisms already exist for collecting data on clinical endpoints and surrogate indicators, the development of education indicators concentrated on the goal of optimal adjustment to living with diabetes. Four key outcomes for this goal were listed in order as either directly attributable to DPE or in which DPE plays a discernable role: knowledge and understanding, self-determination, self-management and psychological adjustment.

Conclusions  The consensus position represents a sound evidence-informed platform on which diabetes education policy, programmes, data collection and research can be based. However, further work was required to test and make recommendations about applying potentially relevant psychometric tools to measure changes in the identified indicators.

 
 
 
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