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Articles by R. R Seethala
Total Records ( 3 ) for R. R Seethala
  R. R Seethala , J. T Johnson , E. L Barnes and E. N. Myers

Objective  To reappraise the clinical and histologic variables associated with a more aggressive outcome in polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA).

Design  Retrospective cohort.

Setting  University hospital.

Patients  Twenty-four patients with PLGA treated from January 1, 1973, through December 31, 2005.

Main Outcome Measure  Analysis of clinical and pathologic variables in 30 biopsy or resection specimens from 24 patients.

Results  Only 4 PLGAs were not initially diagnosed as such. However, 8 non-PLGAs (thus excluded) were incorrectly diagnosed as PLGA. Most carcinomas (14 of 24 [58%]) were palatal. Recurrent carcinomas had a significantly higher mitotic rate (2.7 mitoses per 10 high-power fields) compared with primary tumors (1.2 mitoses per high-power fields, P = .046), and 3 of 7 (43%) recurrences showed progression to an intermediate-grade histologic type. No patient died of disease. Median disease-free survival was 12.8 years. Four of 24 patients (17%) had regional lymph node metastases, 3 with carcinomas of the base of the tongue. One PLGA metastasized to the subcutaneous tissue of the face, orbit, and lungs at 19.6 years. An extrapalatal site was the only significant determinant of disease-free survival (P = .03).

Conclusions  Diagnosis of PLGA remains a challenge. Extrapalatal carcinomas appear to behave in a more aggressive fashion than those of the palate, and cancer arising from the base of the tongue frequently metastasizes to the cervical lymph nodes, suggesting a role for neck dissection in these patients. Recurrent cancers show evidence of histologic progression, justifying an aggressive approach to achieving initial complete excision.

  R. J Leeman Neill , S. E Wheeler , S. V Singh , S. M Thomas , R. R Seethala , D. B Neill , M. C Panahandeh , E. R Hahm , S. C Joyce , M Sen , Q Cai , M. L Freilino , C Li , D. E Johnson and J. R. Grandis

Treatment of human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines with guggulsterone, a widely available, well-tolerated nutraceutical, demonstrated dose-dependent decreases in cell viability with EC50s ranging from 5 to 8 µM. Guggulsterone induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, inhibited invasion and enhanced the efficacy of erlotinib, cetuximab and cisplatin in HNSCC cell lines. Guggulsterone induced decreased expression of both phosphotyrosine and total signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3, which contributed to guggulsterone's growth inhibitory effect. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 was also decreased in response to guggulsterone treatment. In a xenograft model of HNSCC, guggulsterone treatment resulted in increased apoptosis and decreased expression of STAT3. In vivo treatment with a guggulsterone-containing natural product, Guggulipid, resulted in decreased rates of tumor growth and enhancement of cetuximab's activity. Our results suggest that guggulsterone-mediated inhibition of STAT3 and HIF-1 provide a biologic rationale for further clinical investigation of this compound in the treatment of HNSCC.

  L. M Knowles , L. P Stabile , A. M Egloff , M. E Rothstein , S. M Thomas , C. T Gubish , E. C Lerner , R. R Seethala , S Suzuki , K. M Quesnelle , S Morgan , R. L Ferris , J. R Grandis and J. M. Siegfried

Purpose: We determined hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and c-Met expression and signaling in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells and primary tissues and tested the ability of c-Met tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) to block HGF-induced biological signaling.

Experimental Design: Expression and signaling were determined using immunoblotting, ELISA, and immunohistochemistry. Biological end points included wound healing, cell proliferation, and invasion. c-Met TKIs were tested for their ability to block HGF-induced signaling and biological effects in vitro and in xenografts established in nude mice.

Results: c-Met was expressed and functional in HNSCC cells. HGF was secreted by HNSCC tumor-derived fibroblasts, but not by HNSCC cells. Activation of c-Met promoted phosphorylation of AKT and mitogen-activated protein kinase as well as release of the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8. Cell growth and wound healing were also stimulated by HGF. c-Met TKIs blocked HGF-induced signaling, interleukin-8 release, and wound healing. Enhanced invasion of HNSCC cells induced by the presence of tumor-derived fibroblasts was completely blocked with a HGF-neutralizing antibody. PF-2341066, a c-Met TKI, caused a 50% inhibition of HNSCC tumor growth in vivo with decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis within the tumors. In HNSCC tumor tissues, both HGF and c-Met protein were increased compared with expression in normal mucosa.

Conclusions: These results show that HGF acts mainly as a paracrine factor in HNSCC cells, the HGF/c-Met pathway is frequently up-regulated and functional in HNSCC, and a clinically relevant c-Met TKI shows antitumor activity in vivo. Blocking the HGF/c-Met pathway may be clinically useful for the treatment of HNSCC.

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