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Articles by R. I Glazer
Total Records ( 2 ) for R. I Glazer
  S Dupasquier , R Abdel Samad , R. I Glazer , P Bastide , P Jay , D Joubert , V Cavailles , P Blache and C. Quittau Prevostel

Variations of protein kinase C (PKC) expression greatly influence the proliferation-to-differentiation transition (PDT) of intestinal epithelial cells and might have an important impact on intestinal tumorigenesis. We demonstrate here that the expression of PKC in proliferating intestinal epithelial cells is repressed both in vitro and in vivo by the SOX9 transcription factor. This repression does not require DNA binding of the SOX9 high-mobility group (HMG) domain but is mediated through a new mechanism of SOX9 action requiring the central and highly conserved region of SOXE members. Because SOX9 expression is itself upregulated by Wnt-APC signaling in intestinal epithelial cells, the present study points out this transcription factor as a molecular link between the Wnt-APC pathway and PKC. These results provide a potential explanation for the decrease of PKC expression in colorectal cancers with constitutive activation of the Wnt-APC pathway.

  S Li , D Zhang , L Yang , J. V Burnier , N Wang , R Lin , E. R Lee , R. I Glazer and P. Brodt

The IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) was identified as a tumor progression factor, but its role in invasion and metastasis has been the subject of some controversy. Previously we reported that in murine lung carcinoma M-27 cells, overexpression of IGF-IR increased the synthesis and activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 via Akt/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling. In contrast, we show here that in these and other cells, IGF-IR overexpression reduced the constitutive and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-inducible expression of three protein kinase C (PKC)-regulated metalloproteinases, MMP-3, MMP-9, and MMP-13, in cultured cells as well as in vivo in sc tumors. To elucidate the underlying mechanism, we analyzed the effect of IGF-IR on PKC expression and activity using wild-type and IGF-IR-overexpressing (M-27IGFIR) tumor cells. Our results show that overexpression and activation of IGF-IR reduced PKC- expression, PKC activity, and downstream ERK1/2 signaling, and these effects were reversed in cells expressing kinase (Y1131,1135,1136F) or C-terminal (Y1250/51F) domain mutants of IGF-IR. This reduction was due to transcriptional down-regulation of PKC- as evidenced by reduced PKC- mRNA expression in a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent manner and a blockade of PKC- promoter activation as revealed by a reporter gene assay. Finally, reconstitution of PKC- levels could restore MMP-9 expression levels in these cells. Collectively, these results show that IGF-IR can inhibit PKC- gene transcription and thereby block the synthesis of PMA-regulated MMPs, suggesting that within the same cells, IGF-IR can act as both a positive and negative regulator of MMP expression and function.

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