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Articles by R Yamada
Total Records ( 1 ) for R Yamada
  R Yamada , H Okura , T Kume , K Saito , Y Miyamoto , K Imai , T Tsuchiya , T Maehama , N Okahashi , K Obase , A Hayashida , Y Neishi , T Kawamoto and K. Yoshida
  Background—

Positive arterial remodeling and thin fibrous cap are characteristics of rupture-prone or vulnerable plaque. The natural course of the fibrous cap thickness and the relationship between serial arterial remodeling and changes in fibrous cap thickness are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between changes in fibrous cap thickness and arterial remodeling by using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) during 6-month follow-up.

Methods and Results—

Both IVUS and OCT examinations were performed on 108 vessels from 36 patients with ischemic heart disease who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. Fifty-eight fibroatheromas were selected from 82 nonsignificant, nonculprit lesions (angiographic diameter stenosis, 25% to 75%; plaque burden, >40% by IVUS). Fibroatheroma was defined by OCT as lipid-rich plaque in >1 quadrant that has lipid. Thickness of the fibrous cap was measured by OCT. IVUS and OCT examinations were repeated at 6-month follow-up. Serial changes and relationships between IVUS indices and fibrous cap thickness were investigated. Overall, fibrous cap thickness (98.1±38.9 to 96.9±44.5 µm) as well as IVUS indices did not change significantly within 6 months. The percent changes in fibrous cap thickness correlated negatively and significantly (r=–0.54; P<0.0001; generalized estimating equation adjusted, r=–0.42; P=0.001) with the percent changes in external elastic membrane cross-sectional area.

Conclusions—

Arterial remodeling is related to changes in fibrous cap thickness. Positive arterial remodeling is not only an adaptive process, but also related to thinning of the fibrous cap.

 
 
 
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