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Articles by R Takagi
Total Records ( 3 ) for R Takagi
  K Nakano , T Higashi , R Takagi , K Hashimoto , Y Tanaka and S. Matsushita

A major neurotransmitter dopamine transmits signals via five different seven transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors termed D1–D5. It is now evident that dopamine is released from leukocytes and acts as autocrine or paracrine immune modulator. However, the role of dopamine for dendritic cells (DCs) and Th differentiation remains unclear. We herein demonstrate that human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (Mo-DCs) stored dopamine in the secretary vesicles. The storage of dopamine in Mo-DCs was enhanced by forskolin and dopamine D2-like receptor antagonists via increasing cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) formation. Antigen-specific interaction with naive CD4+ T cells induced releasing dopamine-including vesicles from Mo-DCs. In naive CD4+ T cells, dopamine dose dependently increased cAMP levels via D1-like receptors and shifts T-cell differentiation to Th2, in response to anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 mAb. Furthermore, we demonstrated that dopamine D2-like receptor antagonists, such as sulpiride and nemonapride, induced a significant DC-mediated Th2 differentiation, using mixed lymphocyte reaction between human Mo-DCs and allogeneic naive CD4+ T cells. When dopamine release from Mo-DCs is inhibited by colchicines (a microtubule depolymerizer), T-cell differentiation shifts toward Th1. These findings identify DCs as a new source of dopamine, which functions as a Th2-polarizing factor in DC-naive T-cell interface.

  S Ubaidus , M Li , S Sultana , P. H. L de Freitas , K Oda , T Maeda , R Takagi and N. Amizuka

This study aimed to evaluate whether the immunolocalization of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 and dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is associated with the spatial regularity of the osteocyte lacunar canalicular system(s) (OLCS). Femora of 12-weeks-old male ICR mice were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde, decalcified with a 10% EDTA solution and then embedded in paraffin. We have devised a triple staining procedure that combines silver impregnation, alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) immunohistochemistry and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAPase) enzyme histochemistry on a single paraffin section. This procedure permitted the visualization of ALPase-positive plump osteoblasts and several TRAPase-positive osteoclasts on those bone matrices featuring irregularly arranged OLCS, and of ALPase-positive bone lining cells on the bone matrix displaying the well-arranged OLCS. As observations proceeded from the metaphysis toward the diaphysis, the endosteal cortical bone displayed narrower bands of calcein labeling, accompanied by increased regularity of the OLCS. This implies that the speed of bone deposition during bone remodeling would affect the regularity of the OLCS. While DMP1 was evenly localized in all regions of the cortical bones, FGF23 was more abundantly localized in osteocytes of cortical bones with regularly arranged OLCS. In cortical bones, the endosteal area featuring regular OLCS exhibited more intense FGF23 immunoreaction when compared to the periosteal region, which tended to display irregular OLCS. In summary, FGF23 appears to be synthesized principally by osteocytes in the regularly distributed OLCS that have been established after bone remodeling.

  M Li , Y Seki , P. H. L Freitas , M Nagata , T Kojima , S Sultana , S Ubaidus , T Maeda , J Shimomura , J. E Henderson , M Tamura , K Oda , Z Liu , Y Guo , R Suzuki , T Yamamoto , R Takagi and N. Amizuka

The signaling axis comprising the parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related peptide (PTHrP), the PTH/PTHrP receptor and the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) plays a central role in chondrocyte proliferation. The Indian hedgehog (IHH) gene is normally expressed in early hypertrophic chondrocytes, and its negative feedback loop was shown to regulate PTH/PTHrP receptor signaling. In this study, we examined the regulation of PTH/PTHrP receptor gene expression in a FGFR3-transfected chondrocytic cell line, CFK2. Expression of IHH could not be verified on these cells, with consequent absence of hypertrophic differentiation. Also, expression of the PTH/PTHrP receptor (75% reduction of total mRNA) and the PTHrP (50% reduction) genes was reduced in CFK2 cells transfected with FGFR3 cDNA. Interestingly, we verified significant reduction in cell growth and increased apoptosis in the transfected cells. STAT1 was detected in the nuclei of the CFK2 cells transfected with FGFR3 cDNA, indicating predominance of the JAK/STAT signaling pathway. The reduction in PTH/PTHrP receptor gene in CFK2 cells overexpressing FGFR3 was partially blocked by treatment with an inhibitor of JAK3 (WHI-P131), but not with an inhibitor of MAPK (SB203580) or JAK2 (AG490). Altogether, these findings suggest that FGFR3 down-regulates PTH/PTHrP receptor gene expression via the JAK/STAT signaling in chondrocytic cells.

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