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Articles by R Saito
Total Records ( 3 ) for R Saito
  T Kohno , H Kunitoh , Y Shimada , K Shiraishi , Y Ishii , K Goto , Y Ohe , Y Nishiwaki , A Kuchiba , S Yamamoto , H Hirose , A Oka , N Yanagitani , R Saito , H Inoko and J. Yokota

Adenocarcinoma (ADC) is the commonest histological type of lung cancer, and its weak association with smoking indicates the necessity to identify high-risk individuals for targeted screening and/or prevention. By a genome-wide association study (GWAS), we identified an association of polymorphisms in the 6p21.31 locus containing four human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II genes with lung ADC risk. DQA1*03 of the HLA-DQA1 gene was defined as a risk allele with odds ratio (OR) of 1.36 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.21–1.54, P = 5.3 x 10–7] by analysis of 1656 ADC cases and 1173 controls. DQA1*03 and the minor allele for a polymorphism, rs2736100, in TERT, another lung cancer susceptibility locus identified in recent GWASs on Europeans and Americans, were indicated to independently contribute to ADC risk with per allele OR of 1.43 (95% CI = 1.31–1.56, P = 7.8 x 10–16). Individuals homozygous both for the DQA1*03 and minor TERT alleles were defined as high-risk individuals with an OR of 4.76 (95% CI = 2.53–9.47, P = 4.2 x 10–7). The present results indicated that individuals susceptible to lung ADC can be defined by combined genotypes of HLA-DQA1 and TERT.

  R Saito , A Yamaguchi , S. I Saitoh , K Kuma and I. Imai

The subarctic Pacific is known to have east–west gradients in the oceanic environment and phytoplankton community. The western subarctic Pacific is characterized by low temperature and high chlorophyll a (Chl a) while the eastern region by high temperature and low Chl a. Although there is little information on the differences in the zooplankton community between the eastern and western subarctic Pacific, the gradients in the oceanographic environment and phytoplankton community may markedly affect the zooplankton community in this region. The aim of this study is to clarify east–west differences in the subarctic Pacific zooplankton community. Zooplankton were sampled at stations along the 165°E line (western subarctic Pacific from 41°30'N to 49°30'N) and 165°W line (eastern subarctic Pacific from 39°N to 53°30'N) using 335 and 100 µm mesh size Twin NORPAC net during the summers of 2003–2006. East–west differences in the zooplankton community were characterized as: (i) greater total zooplankton abundance in the west and (ii) larger body size of calanoid copepods of the same copepodid stage in the west. Differences in east–west zooplankton abundances are attributed to differences in the magnitude of primary production (high in the west) and the size of primary producers (large in the west). Larger body sizes of calanoid copepods in the west are attributed to the lower temperature. Thus, differences in zooplankton abundance and body size are concluded to be due to east–west gradients in the oceanographic environment and phytoplankton community.

  R Saito , B. K Cranmer , J. D Tessari , L Larsson , J. M Mehaffy , T. J Keefe and S. J. Reynolds

Endotoxin exposure is a significant concern in agricultural environments due to relatively high exposure levels. The goals of this study were to determine patterns of 3-hydroxy fatty acid (3-OHFA) distribution in dusts from four types of agricultural environments (dairy, cattle feedlot, grain elevator, and corn farm) and to evaluate correlations between the results of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis (total endotoxin) and biological recombinant factor C (rFC) assay (free bioactive endotoxin). An existing GC/MS-MS method (for house dust) was modified to reduce sample handling and optimized for small amount (<1 mg) of agricultural dusts using GC/EI-MS. A total of 134 breathing zone samples using Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM) inhalable samplers were collected from agricultural workers in Colorado and Nebraska. Livestock dusts contained approximately two times higher concentrations of 3-OHFAs than grain dusts. Patterns of 3-OHFA distribution and proportion of each individual 3-OHFA varied by dust type. The rank order of Pearson correlations between the biological rFC assay and the modified GC/EI-MS results was feedlot (0.72) > dairy (0.53) > corn farm (0.33) > grain elevator (0.11). In livestock environments, both odd- and even-numbered carbon chain length 3-OHFAs correlated with rFC assay response. The GC/EI-MS method should be especially useful for identification of specific 3-OHFAs for endotoxins from various agricultural environments and may provide useful information for evaluating the relationship between bacterial exposure and respiratory disease among agricultural workers.

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